Friday, July 30, 2010

 

ONLINE RESOURCE: Multidimensional Poverty Index (OPHI)

The Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the UNDP Human Development Report launch the Multidimensional Poverty Index or MPI – an innovative new measure that gives a vivid “multidimensional” picture of people living in poverty. The MPI will be featured in the 20th Anniversary edition of the UNDP Human Development Report and complements income by reflecting a range of deprivations that afflict a person’s life at the same time. The measure assesses the nature and intensity of poverty at the individual level in education, health outcomes, and standard of living.  OPHI has just concluded a first ever estimate and analysis of global multidimensional poverty across 104 developing countries, and is releasing these results in advance of the Report’s October publication. More information.

 

EMPLOYMENT: 2 Positions at IFPRI’s office in New Delhi, Postdoctoral or Research Fellow

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks 2 qualified candidates to serve as Postdoctoral Fellows (PDF) or Research Fellows (RF) for a two (2) year, fixed term, renewable, exempt appointment for its office in New Delhi.

One PDF/RF will work on the issues related to agribusiness in emerging modern value chains, especially those in fruits and vegetables, animal products, poultry, fishery and other high-value agricultural sectors. The PDF/RF will be responsible for developing projects related to the study of changing food systems in Asia, with focus on South and south-east Asia. The PDF/RF will study the implications of such fast changing food systems on small farmers and women, and other poor households, and designing policies that can help them to exploit these emerging opportunities. The work will involve developing a clear conceptual framework for understanding possible channels of impact, organizing field research in the region (including farm surveys and interviews with various participants in the food marketing channel), data analysis, preparation of research reports and dissemination of the results of policy makers and other stakeholders in the region. [more information]

The other PDF/RF will work on the issues related to food and nutritional security in South and central Asia. South Asia is the home of the largest number of poor and hungry people in the world. Research needs to be focused on the linkages between performance in agriculture and its impact on poverty and nutrition of adults and children. The initial focal countries would be India, Nepal and Tajikistan but will expand to other countries of south and central Asia. The researcher needs to develop a comprehensive conceptual framework, bring clarity in the methods to empirically map the linkages between agriculture, poverty and nutrition. [more information]

Deadline: August 27, 2010 (or until filled)

 

CALL FOR PAPERS: Brookings Institution Africa Growth Forum

The Africa Growth Initiative (AGI) at the Brookings Institution (Washington, DC) will use its first annual Africa Growth Forum in January 2011 to address the issue of how best to enhance agricultural productivity through the adoption of effective technologies and innovations by African farmers. The forum will bring together researchers who have completed or are undertaking studies that can explain the modalities and channels for transferring new technologies and new ideas to farmers successfully, and the conditions under which these work. Researchers will interact closely with policymakers at the forum to address the policy environments that are conducive to the adoption of new technologies and ideas, and to discuss the promotion of private investment in agriculture.

Papers are invited from all researchers who are doing work in the following areas, both from within Africa and internationally:

More information.

Deadline: August 15, 2010

 

PUBLICATION: Securing Tenure Rights and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD)

The Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI) contributed a new Social Development Working Paper for the World Bank's Social Dimensions of Climate Change series. Securing Tenure Rights and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) contributes to the discussion of scaling-up the recognition of tenure rights within the efforts to reduce forest carbon emissions, and to put the costs of recognizing tenure rights in a broader perspective.

This Social Development Working Paper attempts to contribute to the discussion of scaling-up the recognition of tenure rights within the efforts to reduce forest carbon emissions and to put the costs of recognizing tenure rights in a broader perspective. It is organized into three sections: first, an examination of the role of tenure in reducing forest carbon emissions and enhancing carbon sequestration capacities; second, an overview of lessons learned from legally recognizing customary tenure rights, and; third, an analysis of the costs of recognizing tenure and the projected costs of an international REDD scheme.

Download here.

Thursday, July 29, 2010

 

This Week’s Posts

 

EMPLOYMENT: Opportunities with IFAD

The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is accepting applications for the following positions:

Deadline: August 8, 2010

 

PUBLICATION: A review of collective action in rural Ghana

A new IFPRI Discussion Paper:

With the beginning of the new millennium and the increasing concerns with regard to wild privatization reforms, African governments, international donors and development scholars have been showing renewed interest in collective action. As a result, farmer-based organization (FBOs) and agricultural cooperatives (agri–coops) are back on the policy agenda for Africa as a preferential means to achieve a more equitable, inclusive and community-driven development of rural areas. The objective of this paper is to provide a snapshot of the patterns and determinants in the development of FBOs and agri–coops in Ghana. With the intention to fill knowledge gaps, harmonize perceptions, update and broaden public understanding of FBOs and agri–coops in Ghana, this review compiles and compares as much secondary evidence as possible and fills in missing evidence through focus group discussions and key informant interviews. The paper concludes with some implications for policy-making and for further and more empirical research.

Download here.

 

EMPLOYMENT: IDRC Senior Program Officer - Agriculture and Food Security

The Agriculture and Food Security (AFS) program supports research to increase production and incomes from small-scale farming, while contributing food to rural and urban consumers. The Canadian International Food Security Research Fund, a collaborative program of the International Development Research Centre and the Canadian International Development Agency, is an integral component of the AFS program. AFS finances applied research initiatives that seek to solve immediate and concrete food security challenges on the ground in the developing world.

Based in Ottawa, Canada and reporting to the Program Manager, the Senior Program Officer will contribute to programme development to develop projects within the priority areas by reviewing, developing, monitoring, managing and evaluating research projects; and liaising and maintaining productive working relationships with grantees, researchers and government institutions.

More information.

Deadline: August 13, 2010

 

CALL FOR CASES: Gender in Value Chains (Nairobi)

The Agri-ProFocus network is organizing a writeshop to systematize knowledge and experiences around gender in value chains. This writeshop - facilitated by KIT and IIRR and financially supported by ICCO, HIVOS, Cordaid and Oxfam Novib - will be held from 22 – 30 November 2010 in Nairobi, Kenya. The outcomes will be published in a practical book. More information.

Deadline: September 1, 2010

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BRIEF: Climate Change and Conflict: Moving Beyond the Impasse

The Institute for Development Studies has a new brief on the relationship between climate change and conflict.

The debate on the relationship between climate change and conflict has reached an impasse. Two dominant narratives state that either climate change causes conflict or that contemporary conflicts have political and institutional causes. The preoccupation with proving or disproving a correlation between climate change and conflict is not helpful. It is time for a more measured view of vulnerability to climate change and a better understanding of the causes of conflict. Narratives of particular conflicts and local responses to climate change are a better guide for policy than generalised models showing simple chains of causality between conflict and climate change.

Download here.

 

CALL FOR PAPERS: Colorado Conference on Earth System Governance: Crossing Boundaries and Building Bridges

Abstracts are invited for the Colorado Conference on Earth System Governance to be held 17-20 May 2011 on the campus of Colorado State University in Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. This conference is part of a global series organized by the Earth System Governance Project, a ten-year research program under the auspices of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP). The Colorado Conference on Earth System Governance is hosted jointly by the Environmental Governance Working Group and the School of Global Environmental Sustainability at Colorado State University along with the IHDP Earth System Governance Project.

The conference will be organized around four types of linkages that cut across the “5 As” (architecture, agency, adaptiveness, accountability, and allocation) at the core of the Earth System Governance Science Plan with the expectation that these discussions will open new and fruitful areas of research and collaboration on earth system governance. The four conference themes are:

More information.

Deadline: August 15, 2010

Wednesday, July 28, 2010

 

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Resilience 2011 Conference, 11-16 March 2011, Arizona State University, USA

The aim of "Resilience, Innovation and Sustainability: Navigating the Complexities of Global Change'' is to advance understanding of the relationships among resilience, vulnerability, innovation and sustainability. It will do so by bringing together scientists to share their work on the dynamics of interconnected social-ecological systems. Conference attendees will include people from the government, business, NGOs and academic sectors concerned with resource governance, and economic and social development . A key outcome of conference discussions will be the development and refinement of new ideas for meeting the challenge of global change.

Conference themes include: Adaptation, resilience, vulnerability, and coping with change in social-ecological systems; thresholds and regime shifts in social-ecological systems; knowledge, innovation, and social-ecological learning; governance, polycentricity, markets, and multilevel challenges; analyzing and framing resilient development, resilient resources and security; and transformation in social-ecological systems.

More information.

Deadlines:

 

FELLOWSHIPS: University of Minnesota, Institute on the Environment, Minneapolis, Minnesota

The Institute on the Environment (IonE) is searching for world-class postdoctoral candidates to fill four new Global Environmental Leadership Fellows positions at the University of Minnesota. Fellows will be part of a novel research and training environment, aimed at preparing the next generation of leaders to address the world's environmental grand challenges. IonE fellows are expected to conduct cutting-edge research to develop solutions to pressing global issues, such as land use and ecosystem management, global food security, freshwater resources, climate change adaptation, emerging diseases and links between population & development. Screening of applications will begin 1 August 2010 and positions will remain open until filled. Applicants should submit a resume, cover letter, and the names of three references, along with a 2 page research proposal, indicating your plans for the fellowship. [more information]

Applicants must use the University of Minnesota employment site and enter requisition number 166294 to apply.

Deadline: Open until filled

 

EMPLOYMENT: 2 Positions with IFPRI’s Development Strategy and Governance Division, Postdoctoral or Research Fellow

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks 2 qualified candidate to serve as  Postdoctoral Fellow or Research Fellow in the Development Strategy and Governance (DSG) Division for a two year, fixed-term, renewable appointment.

One Fellow will serve as the manager of an IFPRI project that supports the Global Hunger and Food Security Initiative (GHFSI) of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Africa and provides support to the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP). [more information]

The other Fellow will conduct research on food security, nutrition and poverty analysis at household, sub- national and national levels in support of regional and country development strategies. [more information]

Deadline: open until filled

Tuesday, July 27, 2010

 

EMPLOYMENT: ILRI Postdoctoral Scientist: Gender and Livestock, Nairobi

The globally-networked International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) helps to reduce poverty, hunger and environmental degradation by enhancing animal agriculture in developing countries.  ILRI positions its work at the dynamic interface of poverty alleviation and sustainable livestock livelihoods.

ILRI seeks to recruit a postdoctoral scientist within its Poverty and Gender Group. The goal of the position will be to conduct and publish research on gender and assets including livestock and develop strategies for integrating gender and gender analysis in ILRI’s projects and programmes.

More information.

Deadline: August 15, 2010

 

EMPLOYMENT: New Opportunities at the WordFish Center, Malaysia

The WorldFish Center, one of the 15 centers supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization working in partnership with a wide range of government and non-governmental agencies at regional, national and local levels in the developing world, and with advanced research institutions worldwide. WordFish’s mission is to reduce poverty and hunger by improving fisheries and aquaculture.

WorldFish is currently inviting applications for the following positions to be based in its Malaysia headquarters.

Friday, July 09, 2010

 

Programming Note

Due to the summer holiday, CAPRi News will take a brief hiatus. You may expect regular posting to resume by the end of July. Thank you for your continued interest in CAPRi.

 

This Week’s Posts

 

FELLOWSHIPS: Third World Organization for Women in Science (TWOWS) 2010 TWOWS Postgraduate Training

Applications are being accepted for the TWOWS Postgraduate Training Fellowships for Women Scientists from Sub-Saharan Africa and Least Developed Countries (LDCs) at Centres of Excellence in the South. The TWOWS fellowship is awarded to women scientists from Sub-Saharan Africa and Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to pursue a PhD at a centre of excellence in the South in a field of the natural sciences.

More information.

Deadline: July 31, 2010

 

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Drylands, Deserts and Desertification: The Route to Restoration

The International Conference on Drylands, Deserts and Desertification (DDD) has emerged as an important global gathering of scientists, field workers, industry, government, NGO and international aid agency officials from over 50 countries. The conference brings together experts, officials and lay people concerned about land degradation and development. The presentations consider practical solutions for sustainable and prosperous livelihoods in the drylands. The rich variety of perspectives creates a stimulating, interdisciplinary and compelling meeting.

This year’s conference will be held November 8-11, 2010 Sede Boqer Campus, Israel. Registration, Abstract Submission and Grant Application are all conducted Online through the conferences website.

More information.

Deadline: July 20, 2010

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EMPLOYMENT: Consultancy -- Land Tenure Security & Food Security (ILC)

In April 2010, the ILC secretariat developed a paper entitled Links between Land Tenure Security and Food Security, as a contribution to the Updating of the High Level task Force’s Comprehensive Framework for Action. This document was based on a consultation with members, the outcomes of which were systematised into 12 ‘principles’ linking land tenure security and food security. This provided a valuable analysis of the statements and experiences of ILC members whose work has given them insights in this regard.

The ILC secretariat intends to use this document, and the outcomes of the consultation, as a base for further analysis of evidence from the field on the links between food security and tenure security over land and natural resources. These TORs outline the tasks and outputs of two consultants who will develop this product.

Duties and responsibilities of external consultant (to be identified)

Under the direction of the Programme Manager Global Policy of the ILC secretariat, and with the support of Mr Miggiano, existing consultant in the ILC secretariat, the external consultant will be responsible to:

Outputs will be produced in English. Consultant’s ability to read in Spanish and French is desirable.
The consultant will be supported by the ILC secretariat, who will:

Outputs

The primary output of this consultancy will be a report of 30-40 pages on Linking land tenure security and food security, which:

The secondary output will be a 3 page policy brief that clearly and succinctly communicates the key policy messages relevant to governments, development partners and civil society organisations.

Timeline

The final products will be submitted by 15th September 2010.

To Apply

Consultants wishing to be considered for this work should send their CV and a letter of motivation to  l.miggiano[at]landcoalition.org indicating their availability over the period August - October 2010.

Deadline: by July 23, 2010

Thursday, July 08, 2010

 

AWARDS: 2010 Global Development Awards and Medals Competition

Funded by The Government of Japan and other donors, the competition is the world's largest in development research, conferring $250,000 in grants each year. Nearly 6,200 researchers and development practitioners have participated so far.

The 2010 Competition is on the theme ‘Development Finance.’ Prizes will be awarded to outstanding research in the thematic areas of External Capital Flows, Domestic Resource Mobilization and Innovative Sources of Development Finance (Deadline: October 18, 2010). Also invited are innovative development projects from grassroots NGOs (Deadline: September 9, 2010).

More information.

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EMPLOYMENT: New Opportunities with IWMI in Asia

The International Water Management Institute (IWMI), one of the 15 centers of the CGIAR, is a non-profit organization with a staff of 350 and offices in over 10 countries across Asia and Africa and Headquarters in Colombo, Sri Lanka. IWMI's Mission is to improve the management of land and water resources for food, livelihoods and the environment. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing world/or in developing countries.

IWMI is currently accepting applications for two research positions in Asia:

More information on both positions available on IWMI’s vacancies page.

Deadline: July 31, 2010

 

EMPLOYMENT: New Opportunities at ICRAF

The World Agroforestry Centre is an international research organization supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). It works in more than 20 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America and has an annual budget of about US $35 million provided by more than 35 donor organizations. The Centre's ultimate purpose is to improve human welfare by reducing poverty, increasing cash income, improving food and nutritional security, and enhancing ecosystem resilience in the tropics, through improved agroforestry systems.

Positions:

Wednesday, July 07, 2010

 

EMPLOYMENT: Consultant: Coordinator – Global Gender & Climate Alliance

The Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA) was formally launched in December 2007 during the UNFCCC climate change talks in Bali, Indonesia, by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the Women’s Environment and Development Organization (WEDO). Over the past two years, the GGCA has grown to include 13 UN agencies and 25 international civil society organizations working together to ensure that climate change policies, decision-making, and initiatives at global, regional and national levels are gender responsive.

The GGCA works on four complementary objectives:

More information.

Deadline: July 23, 2010

 

EVENT: Rural Women: Rights, Challenges, and Prospects

The International Conversatorio "La Mujer Rural: derechos, desafíos y perspectivas" (Rural Women: Rights, Challenges and Prospects) -co organized by the International Land Coalition, CINEP and IFAD- will be held in Bogota , 7-9 July . The event will focus on civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of rural women, 40 participants - including government representatives,  grass roots organizations, research institutions, NGO among others- will attend the event.

More information (Spanish).

Saturday, July 03, 2010

 

This Week’s Posts

 

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Workshop on ENSO, Decadal Variability and Climate Change in South America

The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) has a profound influence on South American climate. For example, during an El Niño rainfall tends to increase over Ecuador and decrease over Colombia.  However, the El Niño events that occurred during 2002-2003 and 2006-2007 were different. They did not result in impacts that might have been expected based on our past experiences. The reasons for the differences seen in South America and in other parts of the world are not fully understood, but are the subject of intense research in many countries. This research includes studies examining naturally occurring decadal variability in ENSO and ENSO impacts, differences in the details of sea-surface temperature patterns between El Niño events, and the influence of global warming on ENSO and on the way ENSO affects global weather patterns. It is hoped that this research will lead to more useful information for decision-making in the wider community. This workshop will bring climate experts from around the world to discuss this research and its relevance to South American climate.

Objectives

  1. To review the latest scientific advances on ENSO, decadal variability and Climate  Change in South America.
  2. To review the projected trends and changes in ENSO Teleconnections in South America.
  3. To discuss on  the potential climate impacts for the next 10-15 years and their  social and economical implications in South America

Deadline: July 31, 2010

More information.

 

EMPLOYMENT: IFPRI Senior Research Fellow / Research Fellow (Ethiopia)

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as a Research Fellow/Senior Research Fellow and Program Leader of its country strategy support program in Ethiopia for a two year, fixed-term, renewable appointment. The position will be based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and reports to the Director of the Development Strategy and Governance Division. The final grade level will be determined by demonstrated experience and track record of publications.

The Ethiopia country strategy support program aims to enhance Ethiopian capacity for evidence-based policy making in the areas of agriculture and rural development and poverty reduction. It supports research and capacity strengthening for the implementation of country’s national and state development strategies. It addresses policy effectiveness and coherence within the agricultural sector as well as between the agricultural sector and other sectors key to economic growth and poverty reduction in that country. Key research and capacity strengthening activities will be carried out with a broad array of stakeholders, including the Ethiopian Development Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, other concerned national and regional government departments, universities, key research institutes, and selected private sector and nongovernmental organizations.

Deadline: Open until filled

more information.

 

PUBLICATION: Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century

The National Research Council invites you to attend the public release of a new report Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Twenty-First Century.

In the last 20 years, there has been a remarkable emergence of innovations and technological advances that are generating promising changes and opportunities for sustainable agriculture, yet at the same time the agricultural sector worldwide faces numerous daunting challenges. Not only is the agricultural sector expected to produce adequate food, fiber, and feed, and contribute to biofuels to meet the needs of a rising global population, it is expected to do so under increasingly scarce natural resources and climate change. Growing awareness of the unintended impacts associated with some agricultural production practices has led to heightened societal expectations for improved environmental, community, labor, and animal welfare standards in agriculture.

Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century assesses the scientific evidence for the strengths and weaknesses of different production, marketing, and policy approaches for improving agricultural sustainability and reducing the costs and unintended consequences of agricultural production. It discusses the principles underlying farming systems and practices that could improve the sustainability. It also explores how those lessons learned could be applied to agriculture in different regional and national settings, with an emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa. By presenting practices and how they could be combined in a systems approach to improving the sustainability of U.S. agriculture, this book can have a profound impact on the development and implementation of sustainable farming systems. Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century serves as a valuable resource for policy makers, farmers, experts in food production and agribusiness, and federal regulatory agencies.

Full text.