Thursday, April 28, 2011
PUBLICATION: Costing Adaptation through Local Institutions
The Costing Adaptation through Local Institutions (CALI) synthesis report is based upon work that has been commissioned by the World Bank as part of the work program on the role of local institutions in climate change adaptation.
The Costing Adaptation through Local Institutions (CALI) study aims to highlight how adaptation by households to climate change and climate variability is shaped by institutions, and how governments, through local institutions, can support adaptation that addresses the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable households. The main objective of the study is to provide recommendations regarding adaptation options for households in rural regions and facilitate the necessary institutional support.
This cross-country comparative study, supported by the Bank-Netherlands Partnership Program (BNPP), sought to understand the determinants of adaptive capacity at local level through a comparative analysis of village-level data from Ethiopia, Mali and Yemen. While communities in semi-arid areas may face similar levels of exposure to climate hazards where livelihoods generally depend critically on natural resources, the study suggests that sensitivity to hazards and adaptive capacity vary significantly, both in degree and in kind. The role of local institutions is explored to understand how external support either has or has not supported adaptive practices in the past, and data were gathered to understand the costs of adaptation through local institutions. Drawing on previously unavailable empirical data across country contexts, the findings offer valuable insights into the appropriate targeting of support for climate change adaptation in developing countries.