Sunday, March 31, 2013

 

This Week’s Posts

EMPLOYMENT: FAO Rural Development and Institutions Officer. The incumbent will provide support on policy analysis and technical programmes to improve rural livelihoods and strengthen rural employment institutions and service systems to reduce rural poverty, inequalities and eradicate hunger. Deadline: April 9, 2013

CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: The Elinor Ostrom Award on Collective Governance of the Commons [Deadline Extended]. Created to honor and develop the legacy of Elinor Ostrom, the award aims to acknowledge and promote the work of practitioners, young and senior scholars involved in the field of the commons. Deadline: April 15th, 2013

CALL FOR PAPERS: Inclusive Growth in Africa [Deadline Extended]. UNU-WIDER invites interested participants to submit original research related to the two conference themes: (1) Measuring growth, poverty, and inequality; and (2) Causes and consequences of inclusive growth. They are open to contributions that use rigorous research methods from economics, and other social sciences, and welcome papers that hold important implications for policy. Deadline: April 5, 2013

CALL FOR PAPERS: Papers on Central African Forests for September 2013 CAFI Conference [Deadline Extended]. The National Science Foundation-supported Central African Forests and Institutions (CAFI) program of the University of Michigan’s School of Natural Resources and Environment seeks paper and poster submissions for its workshop on Central African Forests in Paris on September 19 and 20, 2013. Deadline: April 5, 2013

AWARD: World Food Prize. The prize is the foremost international award recognizing the accomplishments of individuals who have advanced human development by improving the quality, quantity, or availability of food in the world. Deadline: May 1, 2013

 

 

AWARD: World Food Prize

The World Food Prize is the foremost international award recognizing the accomplishments of individuals who have advanced human development by improving the quality, quantity, or availability of food in the world.

The World Food Prize is a $250,000 award formally presented at the Laureate Award Ceremony in mid-October, on or around World Food Day, in conjunction with the Borlaug Dialogue international symposium.

Nominations are sought of an individual or individuals having demonstrated exceptional achievement in any field involved in enhancing food production and distribution and increasing food availability and accessibility to those most in need. Any academic or research institution, private or public organization, corporate entity, or governmental unit may submit a nomination for The World Food Prize.

More information.

Deadline: May 1, 2013

 

CALL FOR PAPERS: Inclusive Growth in Africa

UNU-WIDER invites interested participants to submit original research related to the two conference themes below. They are open to contributions that use rigorous research methods from economics, and other social sciences, and welcome papers that hold important implications for policy.

Measuring growth, poverty, and inequality. The study of well-being, in terms of concepts, theoretical principles and measurements, has been at the core of research in the field of development economics over the last three decades. More recently, special attention has been paid to the dynamic and multi-dimensional nature of poverty and inequality. This theme focuses on innovative methods, theories and empirical approaches to measuring poverty, inequality and social and economic mobility from national, regional, or continent-wide perspectives. An important area is the use of macro, sectoral, price, qualitative, and other data as a cross-check on traditional poverty survey data. Papers that assess the reliability of basic growth, poverty or inequality data are also welcome, as are papers on other developing regions that offer lessons and insights relevant to the African context.

Causes and consequences of inclusive growth. Inclusive growth requires broad participation in the development process. While Africa recently has enjoyed fairly rapid economic growth, it is debatable whether this has led to the kind of transformation needed to create decent jobs and improve well-being over the long term. This theme focuses on the underlying drivers of growth in Africa and their implications for social and economic inclusion. At the same time, the theme addresses whether and how inclusive growth can contribute to broader economic, social, and political transformation. Important issues include, for example, gender, youth, the middle class, and the private sector in Africa’s development process over the last decade. Papers that consider the (in)effectiveness of specific policies in promoting social inclusion are especially welcome.

More information.

Deadline: April 5, 2013

 

EMPLOYMENT: FAO Rural Development and Institutions Officer

The incumbent will provide support on policy analysis and technical programmes to improve rural livelihoods and strengthen rural employment institutions and service systems to reduce rural poverty, inequalities and eradicate hunger. The incumbent will also contribute to strengthening partnership and knowledge networks within and outside the Organization, supporting country-level actions guided by FAO’s Country Programme Framework (CPF) as well as increasing South-South and triangular cooperation. In particular, the incumbent will:

More information (pdf).

Deadline: April 9, 2013

 

CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: The Elinor Ostrom Award on Collective Governance of the Commons [Deadline Extended]

Created to honor and develop the legacy of Elinor Ostrom, the award aims to acknowledge and promote the work of practitioners, young and senior scholars involved in the field of the commons. According with Ostrom’s large legacy the Award will go to academic and applied works on traditional commons, local commons, interlinked commons, global commons, knowledge, cultural and virtual commons.

The Ostrom Prize will award work already done, for scholars as well as for practitioners.

For the nomination process, all members of the Institutional Partners of the Award Council and of the Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop of Political Theory and Policy Analysis can nominate. Council members can propose themselves as nominators. Donors can also act as nominators and/or evaluators. In any case, nobody can nominate or evaluate people or groups from their own organization, and a statement of absence of conflict of interest should be made by all nominators and evaluators and assessed by the Award Council.

The nominators will also be responsible for submitting the application package whose content must satisfy the requirements specified by the Council in order to substantiate the contributions and merits of the candidates.

There are three main Award categories:

More information.

Deadline: April 15th, 2013

 

CALL FOR PAPERS: Papers on Central African Forests for September 2013 CAFI Conference [Deadline Extended]

The National Science Foundation-supported Central African Forests and Institutions (CAFI) program of the University of Michigan’s School of Natural Resources and Environment seeks paper and poster submissions for its workshop on Central African Forests in Paris on September 19 and 20, 2013. Deadline for submission has been extended to April 5. The workshop will focus on some of the most critical issues in the region related to forests, governance, climate change, local livelihoods, and driving concerns about power, inequality, and institutions.

The Central African Forests and Institutions (CAFI) Project is an interdisciplinary, multi-year study at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor funded by the National Science Foundation. The workshop will feature thematically organized presentations based on recent research in the region and invites researchers with an interest in social and ecological outcomes and methods relevant to the analysis of such outcomes in forest landscapes. We encourage submissions in particular from graduate students and younger researchers, professionals, NGOs, and activists that address the following five themes relevant to the tropical forests of the Congo Basin:

More information.

Deadline: April 5, 2013

Thursday, March 07, 2013

 

This Week’s Posts

EMPLOYMENT: Water Footprint Network Project Manager. WFN is a dynamic, international, continuous learning community with hundreds of partners worldwide committed to promoting sustainable, equitable and efficient water use through the advancement of the Water Footprint. Deadline: March 15, 2013

EMPLOYMENT: Economic Commission for Africa Senior Programme Management Officer. This position is located in the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC)/ Food Security and Sustainable Development Division (FSSDD) of the Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA). Deadline: March 16, 2013

CALL FOR EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST: International Land Coalition Facility in Support of Innovative and High Impact Targeted Interventions. ILC’s new initiative promotes direct interventions on the ground with the purpose piloting innovations in securing and protecting land rights for the rural poor for demonstration purposes and to explore the possibility of supporting such innovations on a larger scale. Deadline: open

CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: The Elinor Ostrom Award on Collective Governance of the Commons. Created to honor and develop the legacy of Elinor Ostrom, the award aims to acknowledge and promote the work of practitioners, young and senior scholars involved in the field of the commons. Deadline: April 8th, 2013

AWARD: IDRC Doctoral Research Awards. These awards are intended for field research in one or more developing countries. Candidates must conduct their research in areas corresponding to IDRC's research priorities and must ensure that their research project aligns with these priorities. Deadline: April 1, 2013

EVENT: OECD 2013 Global Forum on Development. The OECD Global Forum on Development will take place in Paris on April 4 and 5, 2013. The GFD will be the first in a series of three forums to be held over the next three years focusing on “Preparing for the Post-2015 World”. 

PUBLICATION: The Kin System as a Mechanism of Income-Hiding Between Spouses in Rural Ghana. A UNU-WIDER Working Paper by Carolina Castilla.

PUBLICATION: Farmer based organizations in Ghana. A recent IFPRI Discussion Paper.

 

CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: The Elinor Ostrom Award on Collective Governance of the Commons

Created to honor and develop the legacy of Elinor Ostrom, the award aims to acknowledge and promote the work of practitioners, young and senior scholars involved in the field of the commons. According with Ostrom’s large legacy the Award will go to academic and applied works on traditional commons, local commons, interlinked commons, global commons, knowledge, cultural and virtual commons.

The Ostrom Prize will award work already done, for scholars as well as for practitioners.

For the nomination process, all members of the Institutional Partners of the Award Council and of the Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop of Political Theory and Policy Analysis can nominate. Council members can propose themselves as nominators. Donors can also act as nominators and/or evaluators. In any case, nobody can nominate or evaluate people or groups from their own organization, and a statement of absence of conflict of interest should be made by all nominators and evaluators and assessed by the Award Council.

The nominators will also be responsible for submitting the application package whose content must satisfy the requirements specified by the Council in order to substantiate the contributions and merits of the candidates.

There are three main Award categories:

More information.

Deadline: April 8th, 2013

 

EMPLOYMENT: Water Footprint Network Project Manager

The Water Footprint Network (WFN) is a dynamic, international, continuous learning community with hundreds of partners worldwide committed to promoting sustainable, equitable and efficient water use through the advancement of the Water Footprint. Established in 2008 with partners from academia, NGOs, international organisations and business sectors, WFN is a fast growing organization at the cutting edge of the methodology, data, tools and application of the water footprint concept and Water Footprint Assessment. Currently the Water Footprint Network is seeking a Project Manager (m/f).

The Project Manager will contribute to the delivery of the work programme as part of the WFN Team, in association with WFN partners and with lead responsibility for specific projects and initiatives.

Major Duties and Responsibilities:

More information (pdf).

Deadline: March 15, 2013

Wednesday, March 06, 2013

 

PUBLICATION: Farmer based organizations in Ghana

A recent IFPRI Discussion Paper:

In recent years, there has been renewed interest among both public and private organizations to establish farmer based organizations (FBOs) in Ghana. This interest is based on the premise that FBOs give farmers bar-gaining power in the market place, enable cost-effective delivery of extension services, and empower FBO members to influence policies that affect their livelihoods. This paper seeks to examine whether FBOs have achieved these objectives and draws from two main data sources: a 2010 IFPRI Survey of 501 FBOs and 24 FBO case studies. We find that the motivation for forming an FBO and the nature of the collective activity are the best predictors of FBO effectiveness. In general, FBOs involved in production tend to be more concerned with captur-ing resources like training and financial aid than with generating profits. Such FBOs rarely become economically viable entities. FBOs engaged in processing and marketing activities tend to operate more like a business and are driven by revenue generation; they also are more successful in attracting loans. Despite the recent dramatic rise in the number of FBOs, the evidence suggests that it is unreasonable to expect that many of them will evolve to sustainably undertake profit-generating activities.

Available here.

 

EMPLOYMENT: Economic Commission for Africa Senior Programme Management Officer

This position is located in the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC)/ Food Security and Sustainable Development Division (FSSDD) of the Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA). Under the overall guidance of the Director of the Division, the incumbent will report directly to the Coordinator of ACPC.

The incumbent will be responsible for the following duties:

More information.

Deadline: March 16, 2013

 

CALL FOR EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST: International Land Coalition Facility in Support of Innovative and High Impact Targeted Interventions

The International Land Coalition announces a new initiative called the Facility in Support of Innovative and High Impact Targeted Interventions on the ground (FTI). This facility builds on the experience gained through a previous programme, ILCs Community Empowerment Facility (CEF), which supported 52 small projects led by civil society organizations to apply innovative approaches that help the rural poor gain access to and control over land and other natural resources during the 1999-2009 period.

FTI promotes direct interventions on the ground with the specific purposes of:

High impact projects  may consist of:

The FTI is expected to support 15 to 25 projects per year from 2013-2015.

Who can apply?

National and local civil society organisations (CSOs) from the South are the priority targets for the FTI. ILC defines CSOs to include networks and organisations of farmers, producers, women, indigenous peoples, agricultural workers, fishers, the landless, pastoralists, forest users or other associations of rural peoples, including community-based organisations and social movements.  Local, national and international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and their networks, as well as national, regional, and international research institutes may also be considered as CSOs. Northern and international CSOs/NGOs may be accepted where they have existing partnerships with the southern, national or local CSOs, and  where their involvement will distinctly provide an added value, or where there are unique circumstances justifying the need for a leading role by a northern or international CSO/NGO.

More information.

Deadline: open

Tuesday, March 05, 2013

 

AWARD: IDRC Doctoral Research Awards

IDRC offers these awards twice a year in April and November to Canadians, permanent residents of Canada, and citizens of developing countries pursuing doctoral studies at a Canadian university. These awards are intended for field research in one or more developing countries. Candidates must conduct their research in areas corresponding to IDRC's research priorities and must ensure that their research project aligns with these priorities.

Since 1982, IDRC has helped graduate students undertake thesis research in the field of international development. IDRC Doctoral Research Awards are intended to promote the growth of Canadian and developing-country capacity in research on sustainable and equitable development from an international perspective.

Research proposals that include comparative research between a developing country and Canada or that have a Canadian component, even if it is not comparative research, will not be considered for this competition. For such research, candidates should apply for a Canadian Window on International Development Award.

More information.

Deadline: April 1, 2013

 

EVENT: OECD 2013 Global Forum on Development

The OECD Global Forum on Development (GFD) will take place in Paris on April 4 and 5, 2013. The GFD will be the first in a series of three forums to be held over the next three years focusing on “Preparing for the Post-2015 World”.  These events provide a venue for high-level policy makers, academia, civil society and the private sector to exchange perspectives and explore challenges, opportunities and lessons learned about current poverty reduction policies and methods for fostering social cohesion and progress.  Perhaps the most important insight about poverty in the last twenty years is that the vision in the UN Millennium Declaration - of creating an environment conducive to the elimination of poverty - is achievable. These global fora held from 2013 through 2015 will focus on what this means to all those working toward this vision.  

The OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate, the OECD Development Centre, the Statistics Directorate and Paris 21 (a global partnership of national, regional and international statisticians, analysts, policy-makers, development professionals and other users of statistics) are hosting this GFD in co-operation with the European Report on Development and Jeune Afrique.

More information.

 

PUBLICATION: The Kin System as a Mechanism of Income-Hiding Between Spouses in Rural Ghana

A UNU-WIDER Working Paper by Carolina Castilla.

I present a model of intra-household allocation to show that when income is not perfectly observed by both spouses, hiding of income can occur even when revelation increases bargaining power. I draw data from Ghana and exploit the variation in the degree of asymmetric information between spouses, measured as the difference between the husband’s own reporting of farm sales and the wife’s reporting of his farm sales, to test whether the allocation of resources is consistent with hiding. Findings indicate that allocations are suggestive of men hiding farm sales income in the form of gifts to extended family members.

Available here.

Friday, March 01, 2013

 

This Week’s Posts

EMPLOYMENT: Moore Foundation Program Fellow, Andes-Amazon Initiative. The Initiative is currently active in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. The initiative team also makes a small number of grants outside of these areas to support basin-wide research and new approaches that will benefit its target geographies. Deadline: open

EMPLOYMENT: CIFOR Post Doctoral Fellow, Equitable Benefit sharing for Sustainable Forestry. This position will contribute to research that seeks to understand the factors that condition equitable benefit sharing in forestry settings that are characterised by multiple uses, users and values. Deadline: March 10, 2013

CALL FOR PAPERS: 53rd Annual Conference of the German Society of Economic and Social Sciences in Agriculture (GEWISOLA). The conference will take place at Humboldt-Univer­sität zu Berlin, from September 25-27, 2013. The topic of the conference is: “How much market and how much regulation does sustainable agricultural development need?”. Deadline: March 4, 2013

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Aid and Gender Equality. This call seeks to generate research to improve our understanding of the mechanisms underlying aid effectiveness in fostering gender equality and women’s empowerment across the broad spectrum of donor practices (bilateral and multilateral, as well as initiatives involving NGOs and community-based organizations that are supported by aid donors). Deadline: March11, 2013

CALL FOR PROPOSALS: ERAfrica Call for Collaborative Research between EU Member States and/or Associated Countries and Africa. Proposals can be submitted regarding the three fields of interfacing challenges, new ideas, and renewable energies. Deadline: April 15, 2013

PUBLICATIONS: RRI Publications on Large Scale Land Acquisitions. The Rights and Resources Initiative produced two new reports highlighting the significant risks (to both the economy and human rights) when key players in large scale land acquisitions ignore the rights of local communities and Indigenous Peoples.

PUBLICATION: Tenure (In)security and agricultural investment of smallholder farmers in Mozambique. A new IFPRI Discussion Paper.

 

CALL FOR PROPOSALS: ERAfrica Call for Collaborative Research between EU Member States and/or Associated Countries and Africa

The goal of the Joint Call is to create long-term research collaboration between EU Member States and/or Associated Countries and Africa. Research collaboration of a high standard between teams from EU Member States and/or Associated Countries and Africa will be supported through open competition.

Proposals regarding one of the following thematic fields can be submitted:

More information.

Deadline: April 15, 2013

 

PUBLICATIONS: RRI Publications on Large Scale Land Acquisitions

The Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI) announces the release of two new reports highlighting the significant risks (to both the economy and human rights) when key players in large scale land acquisitions ignore the rights of local communities and Indigenous Peoples.

The first report, Landowners or Laborers: What choice will developing countries make? (pdf) reviews the state of rights and resources globally, and identifies the key choices and challenges facing developing countries that emerged in 2012.

It became clear during the year that many countries were desperate to replicate the recent economic successes of China and Brazil. Many are tired of being poor and are eager to see their economies grow quickly. Countries of sub-Saharan Africa aspire to be “lion economies,” following in the footsteps of Asia’s “tiger economies.” But the parallels are poor. Brazil, China, and Asia’s tigers drove economic development by liberating local enterprises and establishing local property rights. In Africa, nations have surrendered economic and political control of their land and resources, in effect, replicating economic systems created during the colonial era driven by resource extraction and export.

The lesson of history is clear. The inequalities and disempowerment resulting from these extractive political and economic systems are replicating the “resource curse,” in which nations become trapped in poverty and are riven by resentment and internal conflict, with growing risks of political turmoil. If countries choose open and inclusive democratic systems they can avoid this fate. But they will need to recognize local property rights and develop strong civil societies that keep citizens informed and hold leaders to account.

The second report, The Financial Risks of Insecure Land Tenure: An Investment View (pdf), prepared for RRI by The Munden Project, investigates the real financial consequences for companies investing in land where tenure rights are disputed.

This paper investigates the real financial consequences of investing in land with disputed tenure rights. It demonstrates that companies which ignore the issue of land tenure expose themselves to substantial, and in some cases extreme, risks. Using case study analysis, the paper connects ground-up financial thinking with empirical reality. In so doing, it makes a strong case for the need to integrate tenure-related risks more comprehensively into our financial architecture.

These and many other interesting analyses are available on RRI’s publications page.

 

PUBLICATION: Tenure (In)security and agricultural investment of smallholder farmers in Mozambique

A new IFPRI Discussion Paper:

Poor agricultural productivity and food insecurity are persistent features of many less developed countries. Governments and international development agencies have therefore rightly considered agricultural intensification as the primary means for inducing technological change in developing countries that have high population pressure and low agricultural productivi-ty. Integral to this growing global interest in agricultural intensification is the issue of land tenure security (Holden et al. 2008). Because of the conventional view that traditional or “customary” land rights impede agricultural development (Johnson 1972; Gavian and Fafchamps 1996), many developing countries and major multilateral organizations have promoted formalization of land rights (in the form of registration and certification of land) as a top priority in their economic development agendas (Atwood 1990; IFAD 2001; Bonfiglioli 2003; Deininger 2003; Holden et al. in press).

In theory, there are three routes through which secure property rights may influence agricultural productivity. The first channel is by encouraging long term land investment and adoption of new technologies (Barrows and Roth 1990; Besley 1995; Sjaastad and Bromley 1997; Deininger and Jin 2006). According to this hypothesis, afraid of not recouping the investment made on land to which the user has access but no secure property rights, the user hesitates to spend resources on land-improving technologies (conservation, manure, fertilizer, etc.). As a result, the demand for productivity-enhancing investment declines and aggregate agricultural productivity suffers. Secondly, secure property rights also are thought to influence agricultural productivity because such rights encourage efficient resource use (factor intensity). This is so since the establishment of clear ownership of land lowers the cost and risk of transferring land, which improves factor intensity such that land will be reallocated to more efficient producers. Thirdly, it has also been claimed that secure property rights can stimulate efficient resource use as such rights should reduce land related disputes (Deininger and Castagnini 2006; Holden et al. 2008) and may contribute to better access to credit if land can be used as collateral.

Available here.