Tuesday, April 30, 2013
PUBLICATION: The Impact of Extractive Industries on the Collective Land and Forest Rights of People and Communities
The Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI) has released a new report, prepared by Margarita Flórez of Asociación Ambiente y Sociedad, analyzes the impacts of the extractive industries on the collective land and forest rights of people and communities in Colombia, Peru, Guatemala, and Panama. It focuses on mining activities because of their increased intensity, number, and range in the last two decades, particularly in land owned by indigenous and Afro-descendant communities. Some key findings include:
- From 1990-2009, the weight of extractive sector export increased from 31 to 53 percent in Peru; 38 to 52 percent in Colombia; and 12 to 38 percent in Brazil.
- In the four countries (Peru, Colombia, Guatemala, and Panama), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has focused mainly on the extractive sector. For example, in Colombia, FDI reached 92 percent (US$13.234 billion) in 2011.
- States throughout Latin America exercise their right to exploit nonrenewable natural resources, even from the collective land of Indigenous Peoples and Afro-descendants. The only exception is in Colombia, where it is prohibited to exploit natural resources in national parks.
- Forest areas identified by the countries as potential sites for REDD+ projects often overlap with land owned by Indigenous Peoples, Afro-descendants and/or peasants, and are also areas subject to concessions for extractive industries leading to conflict, and increasing the risk that human rights and collective tenure rights will not be respected.
The full report (is Spanish) is available here (pdf).
EMPLOYMENT: Postdoctoral Researcher, Oxford University School of Geography and the Environment.
A post-doctoral position is available at Oxford University as part of the NERC funded ESPA Deltas Project (Assessing Health, Livelihoods, Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation in Populous Deltas) – see http://www.espadelta.net/. The main role is to undertake the modelling of water quantity and quality of rivers upstream of Bangladesh together with the development of a set of future scenarios on climate and environmental change. The post will be responsible to the Project PI in Oxford, Professor Paul Whitehead, and will be based in Oxford at the School of Geography and the Environment. The appointment is offered on a fixed term basis for the period of 2.5 years (30 months) in the first instance with the possibility of extension.
For more information, go to this site and search for Vacancy ID 107517.
Deadline: May 17, 2013
Monday, April 29, 2013
PUBLICATION: Data needs for gender analysis in agriculture
An IFPRI Discussion Paper:
To support gender analysis in agriculture, household surveys should be better designed to capture gender-specific control and ownership of agricultural resources such as male-owned, female-owned, and jointly owned assets. This paper offers guidelines on how to improve data collection efforts to ensure that women farmers are interviewed and that their voices are heard. Researchers need to clarify who should be interviewed, how to structure the interview, and how to identify which people are involved in various activities, as owners, managers, workers, and decisionmakers. It is important not simply to assume that one particular person does these activities based on social norms, but instead to ask the questions to allow for a range of answers that can demonstrate how the gender patterns in agriculture are changing. To assist in these efforts, the paper provides an overview of relevant questions to include, emphasizing that whenever questions are asked about ownership and access to resources, answers should be associated with individuals. Finally, collecting data on the institutions that are related to agricultural production and marketing allows analysis of the gender-based constraints and opportunities that they present.
EMPLOYMENT: IRRI Senior Scientist, Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist
The successful candidate will be responsible for the design and development of a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system for GRiSP (50%), and for its implementation at IRRI (50%). She/He will be based on clear impact pathways, theories of change, outcomes, and indicators of progress, while considering impact on food security, poverty reduction, rural livelihoods, human health and nutrition, and environmental sustainability. She/He will work closely with M&E specialists at other GRiSP CGIAR centers (AfricaRice, CIAT) and with IRRI program leaders to ensure that proper monitoring and evaluation is carried out at outcome level.
Roles and responsibilities
- In collaboration with colleagues at AfricaRice and CIAT, lead the development of an appropriate Results-Based Management system (RBM) for GRiSP, which includes the development of appropriate M&E tools, processes, and SMART indicators.
- At IRRI, work closely with project leaders and scientists for the implementation of the RBM system, M&E tools, systems, and processes that increase the effectiveness and accountability of their activities.
- Support AfricaRice and CIAT in their implementation of the RBM system, M&E tools, systems, and processes.
- At IRRI, establish an operational Management Information System for linking different stakeholders and easy tracking of GRiSP outcomes.
- Contribute to reporting IRRI’s performance indicators, and synthesize reports from GRiSP’s partners (IRRI, AfricaRice, CIAT)
- Contribute to training on RBM and monitoring & evaluation methodologies.
Deadline: May 15, 2013
Thursday, April 25, 2013
This Week’s Posts
EMPLOYMENT: ODI Research Fellow, Green Growth. ODI are advertising for a new Research Fellow to ideally lead their cross-Institute work on Green Growth. The Research Fellow will join a particularly active group, which has been successful in attracting a number of multi-year projects and has enjoyed increasing influence in international and national policy agendas. Deadline: May 8, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: Opportunities with the Forest Stewardship Council. FSC is currently recruiting for three new, Germany-based positions: (1) Program Manager - Forest Management, (2), Network Liaison Officer, and (3) Smallholder Support Manager. Deadline: May 9, 2013
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Ecosystem Services Partnership (ESP) Conference 2013. The World Agroforestry Centre and the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry’s component on Landscape Management for Environmental Services, Biodiversity Conservation and Livelihoods are hosting the sixth international Ecosystem Partnership (ESP) conference in Bali, Indonesia, 26–30 August 2013. Deadline: May 1, 2013
TRAINING: 2013 Utrecht Summer School, Land Governance for Development. The course will take place from 8 - 19 July, 2013 at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. Deadline: May 1, 2013
PUBLICATION: CIFROR Guide on “Integrating gender into forestry research”. A guide developed to help CIFOR scientists, partners, and program administrators more easily develop their own skills in gender analysis is freely available in English, French, and Spanish.
PUBLICATION: Assessing the effectiveness of multistakeholder platforms in DRC. An IFPRI Discussion Paper reports on agricultural and rural management councils in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
PUBLICATION: Special Issue on Latin American Commons by the Journal of Latin American Geography. The Journal of Latin American Geography has published a special issue on Latin American Commons.
Wednesday, April 24, 2013
PUBLICATION: CIFROR Guide on “Integrating gender into forestry research”
A guide developed to help CIFOR scientists, partners, and program administrators more easily develop their own skills in gender analysis is freely available in English, French, and Spanish.
How do we integrate gender analysis into forestry research? Where do we start? What challenges are we going to face? What skills are required to conduct gender analysis? What methods are appropriate? What do we do with the data we collect? The answers to these questions often feel elusive. However many of them are within our reach. If you are a CIFOR scientist, partner or other researchers curious about what it means to conduct gender-responsive forestry research this guide is for you. This guide for was developed to help CIFOR scientists, partners, and program administrators more easily develop their own skills in gender analysis or find the needed resources elsewhere to advance efforts to integrate gender issue into forestry research. The guide provides researchers, ranging from those with no knowledge of gender concepts to those with some familiarity with the topic, with an introduction to the concept of gender and the gender dimensions of key forestry issues. Short thematic briefs outline the key dimensions of various topics including climate change, REDD+, and value chains. Gender related research questions and methods for conducting gender analysis are also described. The guide also provides tips and advice for building the right research team and gender-sensitive field strategies.
TRAINING: 2013 Utrecht Summer School, Land Governance for Development
The course will take place from 8 - 19 July, 2013 at Utrecht University, the Netherlands.
In July 2013 LANDac organises the Utrecht Summerschool Land Governance for Development for the fourth time. The two-week intensive course will introduce students to the multiple dimensions of land governance in Africa, Asia, Latin America and beyond. It offers ample opportunities for learning, updating and deepening knowledge, improving analytical skills and exchanging ideas and information with professors, co-students and experts in the field.
Students will acquire the most up-to-date knowledge on new land pressures (the ‘global land rush’) and learn how to place these in broader theoretical debates. In addition, they will learn about best practices in land governance from different contexts and on different levels: local, national and international. The guiding question is how to optimize the link between land governance, sustainable development and poverty alleviation. At the end of this course students will have a thorough knowledge of current problems related to land and development, but they will also have practical knowledge of possible solutions. The topics are discussed in lectures and workshops led by recognised experts from academia, policy and practice. All participants will make an in-depth analysis of a case of their choice, which will be presented in oral and poster format at the end of the course. The course is useful for Masters' and PhD students and practitioners from anywhere in the world who are interested in or work in the fields of land governance, development studies, natural resource management, conflict studies etc.
Deadline: May 1, 2013
Tuesday, April 23, 2013
PUBLICATION: Assessing the effectiveness of multistakeholder platforms in DRC
An IFPRI Discussion Paper reports on agricultural and rural management councils in the Democratic Republic of Congo:
In 2008, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) established multistakeholder platforms in the agricultural sector known as agricultural and rural management councils (CARGs). The aim of CARGs is achieving a decentralized governance of the agricultural policies and strategies through a large participation of stakeholders of the sector in the design and implementation of agricultural policy processes. Multistakeholder platforms are institutional arrangements intended and used for learning, policy dialogue, and priority setting, but they are rarely evaluated. This paper analyzes the effectiveness of local-level (territory) multistakeholder platforms using data from 55 CARGs in 23 randomly selected territories in three provinces (Bandundu, Bas-Congo, and Kinshasa) of the DRC. The first CARG was established in 2008, and the survey was conducted three years later, from August to October 2011.
The results indicate that the effectiveness of the CARGs has been rather limited. Fifty-one percent of the surveyed CARGs achieved results consistent with at least one of the main goals of their processes. However, 45 percent have not yet achieved any tangible output, whether consistent or not with their main goals, while 4 percent achieved output outside their objectives. The results also show that the capacity to generate and sustain support for CARGs and their multistakeholder process is an important determinant of their effectiveness. Strategies aimed at improving CARGcapacity are likely to improve their effectiveness.
PUBLICATION: Special Issue on Latin American Commons by the Journal of Latin American Geography
The Journal of Latin American Geography has published a special issue on Latin American Commons.
Latin America is a complex region in socio-cultural, economic and environmental terms, where natural resource commons play a significant role in the livelihoods of millions of people (Robson and Lichtenstein, this issue). Secure access to such resources is considered critical to regional and global environmental sustainability efforts and for helping marginalised groups escape hunger and poverty, and move towards greater self-determination ( Sen 1999; Alden Wily 2011). Yet our knowledge of how Latin American commons are currently used and governed remains limited. We know little, for example, about how individual country experiences compare, or the degree to which commons regimes are struggling to persist or transforming to endure in the face of globalization and other contemporary challenges
In order to fill some of these knowledge gaps, in January 2011 we organized a double session on Latin American commons at the 13th Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC), held in Hyderabad, India. The purpose was to provide a platform for commons researchers, whose work was based in the region, to discuss their findings and experiences, to connect researchers, thematic foci, resource type and disciplinary backgrounds, and to provide impetus for future commons research. As part of these interactions, the potential for research to influence policy in the region was raised.
The event proved very successful and, consequently, we felt it was important that some of the lessons learned made it into print and reached a wider audience. It is therefore with great pleasure that we are able to present, in this special issue of JLAG, a series of articles that shed light on some of the important issues of the day affecting commons and commoners in Latin America. Some are borne out of the papers presented at the IASC conference and others build upon more recent work and thinking. All focus on natural resource commons; a bias that reflects both the types of commons predominantly studied in Latin America, as well as our own interests. Some of the articles focus on individual countries and others take a more regional approach, while some focus on one particular resource type and others encapsulate multiple resource commons.
Monday, April 22, 2013
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Ecosystem Services Partnership (ESP) Conference 2013
The World Agroforestry Centre and the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry’s component on Landscape Management for Environmental Services, Biodiversity Conservation and Livelihoods are hosting the sixth international Ecosystem Partnership (ESP) conference in Bali, Indonesia, 26–30 August 2013.
The emphasis of the conference will be on the practical application of the ‘ecosystem services’ concept in planning, management and decision making and on the development of case studies.
Like the previous conferences, the program will consist of a mix of plenary sessions, workshops (organized by ESP working groups), open-space sessions (proposed and organized by participants) and special sessions devoted to specific topics proposed by the co-organizers and sponsors.
The conference includes excursions to experience various ecosystem services’ schemes or related practices in Bali. There will also be a summer school on ‘practical tools for assessing ecosystem services’ on either side of the conference dates, starting Saturday morning, 24 August, and ending Sunday evening, 1 September.
Deadline for submission of abstracts for oral presentations (for all types of sessions) is May 1, 2013.
Deadline: May 1, 2013.
EMPLOYMENT: Opportunities with the Forest Stewardship Council
The Forest Stewardship Council is an independent, not-for-profit, non-governmental multi-stakeholder organization, established to promote the responsible management of the world’s forests. Today, FSC is the leading forest management certification system in the world. FSC works by bringing people together to promote responsible forest management and to find solutions to the problems created by bad forestry practices. FSC does so by providing standard-setting, trademark assurance, accreditation services and business value for companies and organizations interested in responsible forestry.
Products carrying the FSC label are independently certified to assure consumers that they come from forests that are managed to meet the social, economic and ecological needs of present and future generations.
FSC is registered as an international NGO in Mexico, but has its operational headquarters in Bonn, Germany. FSC has 5 Regional Offices and is represented through National Offices or Representatives in 45 countries across the world.
FSC is currently recruiting for three new, Germany-based positions:
- Program Manager - Forest Management
- Network Liaison Officer
- Smallholder Support Manager
More information about all three positions is available here.
Deadline: May 9, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: ODI Research Fellow, Green Growth
ODI are advertising for a new Research Fellow to ideally lead their cross-Institute work on Green Growth. The Research Fellow will join a particularly active group, which has been successful in attracting a number of multi-year projects and has enjoyed increasing influence in international and national policy agendas.
Responsibilities of the role include:
- research and policy advisory work: conducting high-quality, innovative research
- fundraising: attracting funds through bids and marketing, including the development of a substantial personal research portfolio
- public affairs: disseminating and promoting ODI’s work and ideas on climate change
- project management: take responsibility for the implementation and administrative and financial management of research, advisory and public affairs projects.
Deadline: May 8, 2013
Thursday, April 18, 2013
This Week’s Posts
EMPLOYMENT: ICRAF Deputy Director General – Partnerships, Regions and Impact. ICRAF seeks a Deputy Director General to provide oversight and strategic direction to staff in Regions, Partnership Office, Protocol, Capacity Development Unit and Impact and Extension Team. Deadline: April 30, 2013.
EMPLOYMENT: Project Facilitator, Udzungwa Forest Project, Tanzania. The Udzungwa Forest Project (UFP) is seeking a highly motivated individual to support its field team in the research, monitoring and conservation of threatened forests. Deadline: May 7, 2013
CALL FOR CONCEPT NOTES: The Canadian International Food Security Research Fund. This call will support new research to improve food production and distribution, and the health and nutritional dimensions of food security in developing countries. Deadline: June 5, 2013
AWARD: The Norman Borlaug Award for Field Research and Application. This award will recognize exceptional, science-based achievement in international agriculture and food production by an individual under 40 who has clearly demonstrated intellectual courage, stamina, and determination in the fight to eliminate global hunger and poverty. Deadline: June 30, 2013
PUBLICATION: SCAPES Natural Resource Governance Guide. The Sustainable Conservation Approaches in Priority Ecosystems (SCAPES) learning initiative has produced a Natural Resource Governance Guide.
PUBLICATION: Women's Collective Action: Unlocking the potential of agricultural markets. An Oxfam International research report gives an overview of the qualitative and quantitative findings across the three focus countries.
PUBLICATION: The politics of rights-based approaches in conservation. A new paper in the journal Land Use Policy proposes and tests the hypothesis that the failures of rights-based approaches in conservation can be attributed in significant measure to the political economic interest of the state in the tropics.
PUBLICATION: SCAPES Natural Resource Governance Guide
The Sustainable Conservation Approaches in Priority Ecosystems (SCAPES) learning initiative has produced a Natural Resource Governance Guide:
A product of the SCAPES learning initative, this guide, which has been tested in four landscapes, provides one approach to identifying the most important groups with rights to manage natural resources within a landscape or seascape, characterizing a small set of factors believed to be essential elements of good natural resource governance, and assessing the governance strengths and weaknesses of each group with influence over the management of natural resources within a landscape or seascape. The guide describes an approach and data collection tool that together constitute a relatively simple, low-cost, expert opinion-based, method for assessing governance strengths and weaknesses and changes in these over time.
EMPLOYMENT: Project Facilitator, Udzungwa Forest Project, Tanzania
Job Title: Project Facilitator Udzungwa Forest Project, Tanzania
Location: Kilombero District, Morogoro Region, Tanzania
Salary: TSh600,000 monthly living allowance, free accommodation, one return flight annually from home country, plus other in-country expenses
Duration: One year, with potential to extend
Start date: 1st July 2013 (with some flexibility)
Deadline: 7th May 2013
Interviews: 23rd/24th May 2013
Job description: The award-winning Udzungwa Forest Project (UFP) is seeking a highly motivated individual to support its field team in the research, monitoring and conservation of threatened forests. The successful applicant will be expected to:
- Facilitate the sound implementation of the UFP strategic plan for forest conservation, livelihood development and monitoring;
- Provide technical input to the UFP adaptive management process;
- Assist in the gathering of ecological and socio-economic data under an established forest conservation monitoring programme;
- Advise and train project staff in the recording and storage of data to a high quality;
- Summarise data in reports, bulletins and presentations for the UFP director, and for stakeholders including government officials, NGOs, industry partners and local communities;
- Negotiate with land-owners and government for improved forest conservation;
- Assist the UFP director in writing reports and research papers and in establishing a new charity;
- Give presentations to project partners and international conferences;
- Develop the English-language skills of senior project staff.
About the employer: UFP is a conservation project based in southern Tanzania, established and directed by Flamingo Land, which is home to the UK’s most visited zoo. The aim of the project is to better protect tropical forests through ecological monitoring, community education, capacity building and lobbying. UFP is based mostly in Magombera Forest, on the east of the breathtaking Udzungwa Mountains. The main emphasis of UFP is on the monitoring and management of indicators of forest conservation and the sustainability of human natural resource use. UFP’s all-Tanzanian team ensures that the project has a strong local connection, aiming to integrate fully with local communities and managers. Ultimately the goal is to develop sufficient in-country income generation and capacity among villages and management authorities, such that forest conservation can continue without external support. The project collaborates closely with four local villages, WWF Tanzania, the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group, Wild Things Safaris, the Udzungwa Ecological Monitoring Centre, and Illovo Sugar Company who provided funding for this position. UFP receives technical support from the Centre for the Integration of Research, Conservation and Learning (CIRCLE), a University of York facility based at Flamingo Land.
Key selection criteria
- Bachelors degree or higher in a relevant discipline (e.g. biology, zoology, botany, conservation, environmental science, environmental management)
- Passionate about conservation of the natural world
- Native English speaker
- Proven ability to learn at least one foreign language
- Experience working or volunteering in a developing country, preferably in Tanzania or elsewhere in East Africa
- Experience of working in remote locations
- Awareness of health and safety considerations of working in remote locations
- Practical experience of ecological monitoring methods
- Competent in the use of field survey equipment (especially GPS, maps and compass)
- Knowledge of basic statistical methods
- Computing skills including Microsoft Office, Excel, Powerpoint and Word
- Excellent presentation skills
- Excellent inter-personal skills
- Flexible approach to work
- Full driving license
- Experience of Geographical Information Systems
- Experience of working in tropical forest
- Experience of socio-economic survey methods
- Experience of working to a tight budget
- Good knowledge of the Swahili language
- Experience in environmental education
- Knowledge of the role of modern zoos in global biodiversity conservation
Application: Please e-mail a cover letter and cv including full contact details of two referees to email@example.com. Alternatively postal applications can be sent to Dr. Andrew R. Marshall, Environment Department, University of York, York, YO10 4DP, UK. If you will be outside of the UK on 23rd-24th May, please indicate that you will require a Skype or phone interview.
Deadline: May 7, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: ICRAF Deputy Director General – Partnerships, Regions and Impact
ICRAF seeks a Deputy Director General to provide oversight and strategic direction to staff in Regions, Partnership Office, Protocol, Capacity Development Unit and Impact and Extension Team.
Duties and Responsibilities:
Management and leadership
- Line management of ICRAF’s five Regional Programmes: working closely with i) Deputy Director General -Research to assist with links/synergies with the Science Domains and global projects; and ii) Deputy Director General –Corporate Services to provide oversight on regional and country performance, staffing, administration and operations;
- Serve as a member of the Centre’s Senior Leadership Team (SLT) and participate in strategic planning and decision-making;
- Guide and support the capacity strengthening efforts of the Centre, including oversight of the Capacity Development Unit;
- Represent ICRAF at important global and regional fora;
- Carry out any other tasks related to this portfolio as may be assigned by the Director General.
- Guide the development and management of host country agreements in countries where ICRAF has a presence.
- Guide the Centre's efforts to form and maintain strategic partnerships with relevant organizations for the delivery of Agroforestry Research for Development;
- Link partnering efforts with donor relations and resource mobilization activities at the Centre through the Programs Development Unit;
- Position agroforestry favorably for partners to expand and deepen their agroforestry agendas and capacities;
- Monitor and report internally and to the CGIAR Consortium, as appropriately, on matters relating to partnerships;
- Guide ICRAF on handling of Hosted Institutions and also assist ICRAF scientists hosted by partner organizations.
Deadline: April 30, 2013.
Wednesday, April 17, 2013
PUBLICATION: Women's Collective Action: Unlocking the potential of agricultural markets
An Oxfam International research report gives an overview of the qualitative and quantitative findings across the three focus countries.
Development actors are increasingly prioritising ‘investing in women’ to ensure food security and sustainability—as well as equity—in agricultural development. In this context, collective action is a critical but poorly understood way for women small-scale farmers to strengthen their engagement in agricultural markets. This report provides rigorous new evidence, from quantitative and qualitative research carried out in Ethiopia, Mali and Tanzania, on the economic and empowerment benefits of women’s participation in collective action groups across different agricultural farming systems and markets.
The success factors and intervention strategies that have enabled women to benefit most are analysed in order to identify lessons for the future. The research highlights gaps in both current development practice and the wider policy environment which need to be addressed to ensure that collective action in agricultural markets is effective and empowering for rural women.
AWARD: The Norman Borlaug Award for Field Research and Application
Endowed by the Rockefeller Foundation, this is a $10,000 award to be presented annually to a young extension worker, research scientist, development professional or other individual who best emulates the dedication, perseverance, and innovation demonstrated by Dr. Norman Borlaug while working in the field with farmers in Mexico in the 1940s and 50s. The award will be presented every October in Des Moines, Iowa, by the World Food Prize Foundation.
This award will recognize exceptional, science-based achievement in international agriculture and food production by an individual under 40 who has clearly demonstrated intellectual courage, stamina, and determination in the fight to eliminate global hunger and poverty.
The award will honor an individual who is working closely and directly “in the field” or at the production or processing level with farmers, animal herders, fishers or others in rural communities, in any discipline or enterprise across the entire food production, processing, and distribution chain.
Deadline: June 30, 2013
Monday, April 15, 2013
CALL FOR CONCEPT NOTES: The Canadian International Food Security Research Fund
IDRC announces this 2013 call as part of the Canadian International Food Security Research Fund (the “Fund”). This call will support new research to improve food production and distribution, and the health and nutritional dimensions of food security in developing countries.
Through this call, the Fund is looking to harness the best of the private, public and non-governmental sectors to expand its research portfolio and lay the groundwork for scaling-up research results and innovations – within a country, across a region, and possibly, across continents.
This is an open, competitive call for concept notes, and submissions may come from new or existing partnerships.
The goal of the CIFSRF is to develop more equitable, productive and environmentally sustainable agri-food systems that increase food security and enhance nutrition in developing countries.
The key objectives of the Fund are to:
- Increase food security in developing countries by funding applied research in agricultural development and nutrition;
- Apply Canadian science and technology expertise in collaboration with developing country partners to address food security;
- Use research results to inform food security policies and programs; and
- Identify innovations and scale-up the most promising research results.
This 2013 call will support new research projects to improve food production and distribution, and the health and nutritional dimensions of food security in developing countries. Through this call, the Fund is looking to expand its research portfolio to other innovative research ideas and lay the groundwork for scaling-up research results and innovations – within a country, across a region, and possibly, across continents.
Deadline: June 5, 2013
PUBLICATION: The politics of rights-based approaches in conservation
A new paper by Prakash Kashwan in the journal Land Use Policy:
Scholars and advocates increasingly favor rights-based approaches over traditional exclusionary policies in conservation. Yet, national and international conservation policies and programs have often led to the exclusion of forest-dependent peoples. This article proposes and tests the hypothesis that the failures of rights-based approaches in conservation can be attributed in significant measure to the political economic interest of the state in the tropics. To this end, the article presents findings from the empirical analysis of the Forest Rights Act of 2006 in India. Two key recommendations emerge from this analysis. One, the proposals for operationalizing rights-based approaches will likely be far more effective if they protect the inalienability of a minimal set of rights critical to the subsistence and well-being of forest people, as opposed to promising the protection of an expansive set of rights subject to the instrumentality of conservation. Two, the proponents of rights-based approaches in conservation need to guard against their actions reinforcing the institutional status quo of the state control of forests. This, in turn, requires international conservation groups to join hands with national forest rights movements.
Thursday, April 11, 2013
This Week’s Posts
EMPLOYMENT: Asia-Based Opportunities with the Forest Stewardship Council. FSC is seeking candidates for the positions of Asia Pacific Project Officer and Indonesia National Representative. Deadline: April 21, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: SOAS University of London Senior Lecturer/Reader/Professor, Political Ecology of Development. The Department of Development Studies of the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, invites applications for a Senior Lecturer or Reader or Professor, starting as soon as possible or no later than 1st September 2013. Deadline: April 30, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: IWMI Researcher, Groundwater Management & Policy (Egypt). The International Water Management Institute has a vacancy for a Cairo-based researcher to focus on groundwater management and policy. Deadline: May 1, 2013
FELLOWSHIP: MyCOE/SERVIR Initiative in West Africa on Women in Climate Change and Food Security. The Initiative is a 10-month fellowship program for undergraduate and graduate students in eligible countries in West Africa who are currently enrolled in any field at an institution of higher education in an eligible country with ideas and plans for research that address themes of Women in Climate Change and Food Security using geographic technologies. Deadline: April 30, 2013
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: The Yara Prize. The mission of the Yara Prize is to contribute to the transformation of African agriculture and food and nutrition security, within a sustainable context, thereby helping to reduce hunger and poverty. In 2013, the Yara Prize will have a specific focus on young women and men who are making a particular effort within agriculture paying particular attention to innovation and entrepreneurship. Deadline: May 3, 2013
ONLINE RESOURCE: Papers and Presentations from the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty. This week’s conference was on the theme of “Moving towards transparent land governance: Evidence-based next steps”. Papers and presentations are available online.
PUBLICATION: CIFOR Training Manual on “Tenure rights and access to forests”. A new guide by the Center for International Forestry Research attempts to help students, researchers and practitioners understand why forest tenure matters, who should benefit and how to manage competing interests in land.
PUBLICATION: A Review of Current Climate-Smart Tree-Based Experiences in Malawi. A new publication from IIED, Trees on-farm: Removing the obstacles to enterprise, reviews current climate-smart tree-based experiences in Malawi.
EMPLOYMENT: Asia-Based Opportunities with the Forest Stewardship Council
The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an independent, not for profit, non-governmental multi-stakeholder organization established to promote the responsible management of the world’s forests. FSC is seeking candidates for the following job openings:
A Project Officer, FSC Asia Pacific is responsible to undertake the following activities:
- Support the FSC Asia Pacific Regional Director in the oversight of the work of the FSC Network in Asia Pacific.
- Oversee project plans, timelines, funding obligations and deliverables, as well as program budgets;
- Manage FSC Communication related issues within Asia Pacific related to FSC Network Projects under the supervision of the Regional Director;
- Provide logistical and technical support to FSC Network Partners in Asia Pacific
- Coordinate the process of translation of FSC documents in Network Project Countries;
- Receive incoming correspondence inquiries from the FSC Network and presenting and summarizing contents to the FSC Asia Pacific Regional Director; responding directly or referring to appropriate FSC staff and tracking responses;
- Participate in strategic and operational planning process of the FSC Asia Pacific.
A FSC Indonesia National Representative is responsible to undertake the following activities:
- Serve as FSC’s national representative for the country.
- Develop and implement the FSC Strategy for Indonesia in close collaboration with the FSC Asia Pacific Regional Director, key stakeholders in Indonesia and FSC International.
- Strategically support national standard setting and liaise between FSC International and the Indonesia FSC Standard Development Group.
- Engage with governmental representatives on forest related matters and support FSC’s participation in the development of FLEGT initiatives, trade regulations and public procurement initiatives that are related to forest products, in close collaboration with the FSC Asia Pacific Regional Office, FSC International and the FSC Network.
- Manage FSC communication related issues within Indonesia in close collaboration with the FSC Asia Pacific Regional Office.
- Liaise with non-governmental and international organizations to represent FSC.
- Promote forest management and Chain of Custody (CoC) certification through supporting FSC’s engagement with the private sector in Indonesia.
- Identify funding opportunities for FSC’s work in Indonesia and support the development of funding proposals related to FSC in Indonesia, in coordination with the FSC Asia Pacific.
More information about both positions available here.
Deadline: April 21, 2013
ONLINE RESOURCE: Papers and Presentations from the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty
This week the World Bank hosted it’s annual Conference on Land and Poverty, bringing together representatives from governments, the development community, civil society, academia, and the private sector to discuss issues of concern to communities, land practitioners and policymakers worldwide. This year’s theme was “Moving towards transparent land governance: Evidence-based next steps”, and papers and sessions were organized around the following themes:
- Securing land rights and improving land use at the grassroots;
- Adjusting laws and institutions to address urban expansion and governance;
- Innovative approaches towards spatially enabling land administration and management;
- Supporting a continuum of rights in a decentralized environment;
- Mobilizing the private sector to improve land governance; and
- Sharing benefits from exploitation of land- based resources.
Papers and presentations from the conference are available online.
Tuesday, April 09, 2013
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: The Yara Prize
The mission of the Yara Prize is to contribute to the transformation of African agriculture and food and nutrition security, within a sustainable context, thereby helping to reduce hunger and poverty. The Yara Prize was established in 2005 as a direct response to the former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s call for a green revolution in Africa in 2004. It aims at celebrating significant achievements related to food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture with a transformative power.
In 2013, the Yara Prize will have a specific focus on young women and men who are making a particular effort within agriculture paying particular attention to innovation and entrepreneurship.
- The Yara Prize shall recognize outstanding contributions to sustainable food production with socio-economic impact in the smallholder sector
- The Yara Prize shall recognize food and nutrition security and sustainable agricultural initiatives with a transformative power and serve as inspiration for action to scale up the African green revolution
- The Yara Prize shall increase awareness of social and environmental conditions in Africa and the prevailing dynamics affecting agriculture and food and nutrition security
- The Yara Prize shall provide inspirational example(s) of African leadership
The Yara Prize can be awarded to any individual or identifiable group of individuals, as well as to established institutions, associations, organizations or government bodies with a formal and recognized judicial and organizational structure contributing to the overall objectives of the Prize.
The Prize can be awarded to any qualified candidate, irrespective of nationality, profession or location, whose work, and contributions deriving from the work, has had a clear impact on the African situation, nationally, regionally or for the continent.
The Prize can be awarded with reference to a specific contribution or achievement, or a series of efforts and results; recently or in the past, or over a period of time - judged as viable and in accordance with acknowledged principles of sustainability.
Deadline: May 3, 2013
PUBLICATION: CIFOR Training Manual on “Tenure rights and access to forests”
A new guide by the Center for International Forestry Research attempts to help students, researchers and practitioners understand why forest tenure matters, who should benefit and how to manage competing interests in land.
This guide has been created with the purpose of summarising the most important aspects of forest tenure rights and resource access, because of the relevance of these issues to research on forests, as well as providing guidance on the selection of methods and tools for obtaining appropriate tenure information in research. It is hoped that the guide will help researchers to incorporate tenure dimensions more effectively, with a common understanding and in ways that are comparable across research sites and projects, into a broad spectrum of research projects where tenure issues may influence results.
EMPLOYMENT: IWMI Researcher, Groundwater Management & Policy (Egypt)
The International Water Management Institute has a vacancy for a Cairo-based researcher to focus on groundwater management and policy.
If you possess a PhD or equivalent training related to the analysis of social-physical interaction of water processes, and are capable of conducting original research on water (groundwater, in particular) management and policy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, then you could be the person that the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) is looking for. The position holder will be based at the Cairo office of IWMI located at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) in Cairo, Egypt, and will report to the Principal Researcher based there.
- manage research activities on groundwater management, institutions and policy in the MENA region, which includes contracting and liaising with partners, conducting fieldwork and data analysis, organizing stakeholder workshops, and writing of reports and articles;
- contribute ideas and assist in bibliographical searches to deve lop a new research agenda related to water and agriculture in the Middle East, for example, on river basin management or assessment of policy processes and governance;
- contribute to other potential research activities in the region , with particular reference to the Nile Delta;
- supervise master’s students involved in specific field research; and
- contribute to IWMI’s overall research program.
Deadline: May 1, 2013
Monday, April 08, 2013
PUBLICATION: A Review of Current Climate-Smart Tree-Based Experiences in Malawi
A new publication from IIED, Trees on-farm: Removing the obstacles to enterprise, reviews current climate-smart tree-based experiences in Malawi.
Malawi faces a precarious future. Challenges include: rapid growth among rural populations; entrenched rural poverty, lack of food security; biomass use – especially for energy – that now exceeds productive capacity in some areas; widespread resource degradation including deforestation at about 100,000 hectares per year; and an increasingly unpredictable climate.
An urgent response is required to this situation in which restoration of tree cover is a central component. Trees are crucial for soil conservation and food security, local energy supply, construction materials and medicines. But they are also critical or diversifying income generation. The Government of Malawi has laid out important policies that should help incentivise the use of tree products in local forest enterprises for income generation through agroforestry, on-farm tree planting and woodlot establishment. But so far these policies have failed to deliver entrepreneurial activity based on trees at any significant scale – either through lack of resources for implementation or through entrenched views that discourage such activities at field level.
This report reviews some of the main enterprise developments around on-farm tree crops, assesses their operational challenges, and suggests ways to strengthen their future prospects.
EMPLOYMENT: SOAS University of London Senior Lecturer/Reader/Professor, Political Ecology of Development
The Department of Development Studies of the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), university of London, invites applications for a Senior Lecturer or Reader or Professor, starting as soon as possible or no later than 1st September 2013.
The successful candidate should have a strong publications and teaching record in political ecology and in development. They will coordinate, supervise and participate in the design and writing of new and revised courses and will perform a key role in developing and launching the new MSc Political Ecology of Development. Subsequently, they will play a key role in the development of a BA programme.
The department will assess candidates in terms of potential as much as demonstrable experience and it will be especially interested in clear evidence that candidates will want to play a full role in the life and running of the department over time. The successful candidate will complement the work of the department in terms of thematic expertise and regional/geographical specialisation.
Deadline: April 30, 2013
FELLOWSHIP: MyCOE/SERVIR Initiative in West Africa on Women in Climate Change and Food Security
The MyCOE / SERVIR Initiative in West Africa is a 10-month fellowship program for undergraduate and graduate students in eligible countries in West Africa who are currently enrolled in any field at an institution of higher education in an eligible country with ideas and plans for research that address themes of Women in Climate Change and Food Security using geographic technologies. Students are invited to propose a research and outreach project and will be competitively selected on the basis of their long-term potential to contribute to these topics in the region.
This call for proposals is particularly interested in applications demonstrating linkages across Three Generations of Women in Climate Change and Food Security. The program will connect these teams of emerging researchers and their mentors with international pioneering female scientists and experts in climate change for inspiration and guidance. In turn, the most competitive MyCOE fellows' outreach activities proposed should include an integral educational component that reaches out to young girls in their countries, encouraged to consider careers in science. Selected teams may stimulate the interest of young girls by engaging them in their research and by sharing experience in secondary (preferred) or middle school level classrooms with which they propose to engage. Thus, this program will advance women’s participation and contribution to Climate Change in Africa by linking three generations: pioneer female scientists/mentors, university student fellows, and young girls in middle or secondary school.
Eligible countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Chad, Cote d'Ivorie, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.
Deadline: April 30, 2013