Wednesday, June 26, 2013
PUBLICATION: Land tenure and fast-tracking REDD+: Time to reframe the debate?
The Global Canopy Programme has released a new analytical paper: "Land tenure and fast-tracking REDD+: time to reframe the debate?"
With a global agreement on REDD+ needed by 2020 to ensure that it has a significant impact on mitigating climate change, there is a need for rapid impact on improved tenure security to enable implementation of efficient and equitable REDD+. By drawing on examples from Papua New Guinea and Nepal, the paper illustrates the need for policy makers in tropical forest countries to look beyond the reform of tenure laws and to alternative policy options as a means to achieve the enabling conditions for REDD+.
The paper’s key points:
- Legally defensible and enforceable land tenure rights for forest owners are a key enabling condition for effective and equitable REDD+ implementation following a global agreement in 2020.
- However, reform of land tenure legislation will not achieve this in most forest countries before 2020.
- Where legal reform is attempted, limited political will, poor regulation, high cost and limited enforcement could undermine its effectiveness and sustainability.
- For rapid impact policy makers should focus on alternative policy options that create REDD+ enabling conditions without a wholesale reform of legal frameworks.
- Mapping national laws and policies across sectors (e.g. agriculture, mining, forestry, energy, and environment) can help identify perverse incentives, loopholes and conflicting priorities that may combine to exacerbate the drivers of deforestation.
- Interim measures, such as moratoria, can then be implemented to halt unsustainable development while government policies or priorities are re-assessed.
- Government engagement of large civil society networks with national forestry initiatives can fast-track improved tenure security for forest owners while working within existing legal frameworks, and also creates strong additional enabling conditions for REDD+.