Thursday, July 25, 2013
PUBLICATION: Providing Agri-Environmental Public Good through Collective Action (OECD)
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Joint Working Party on Agriculture and the Environment has released a report on collective action and agri-environmental public goods with a significant set of country case studies.
Previous studies on public goods and agri-environmental policies have focused on individual farmers rather than on collective action. However, some public goods need to be provided by farmers cooperatively. For example, maintaining landscape usually requires the participation of several farmers working within the same area. This means that in addition to implementing policies that target individual farmers as a means to overcome market failure associated with public goods and externalities, different approaches may be needed to promote collective action.
The purpose of this study is to analyse the promotion of collective action for agri-environmental public goods and addressing externalities by reviewing the experience of various OECD member countries. Twenty-five cases from 13 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) are examined. The study shows that collective action should be given serious consideration as a means of addressing many agricultural and natural resource issues, and in some cases collective action should be actively promoted.