Thursday, October 31, 2013
This Week’s Posts
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Large-Scale Restoration of Ecosystems. This special issue of S.A.P.I.EN.S [Surveys and Perspectives Integrating Environment and Society] aims to collect background material and identify relevant experiences for an international Conference to be held in May, 2014. Deadline: November 15, 2013
GRADUATE ASSISTANTSHIPS/FELLOWSHIPS: Michigan State University Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability. Assistantships/fellowships are available for self-motivated students conducting innovative and high-impact research towards Ph.D. or M.S. degrees in the Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability (CSIS) at Michigan State University. Deadline: November 20, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: WRI Project Manager, Governance of Forests Initiative. The GFI project at the World Resources Institute has an opening for a Project Manager position to advance the program’s goal of strengthening land use laws and practices that impact forests to reduce deforestation and forest degradation and increase communities’ rights to natural resources. Deadline: open
EMPLOYMENT: ICRAF Regional Coordinator for South Asia. The World Agroforestry Centre seeks a Regional Coordinator to contribute to envisioning and implementing research and development programmes covering several countries in South Asia. Deadline: November 16, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: Namati Program Manager, Community Land Protection. The program supports communities to follow national land documentation laws to protect their customary and indigenous land claims, with the goal of proactively strengthening communities’ ability to protect, enforce, and defend their land rights. Deadline: November 20, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: IWMI Postdoctoral Fellow—Gender and Poverty. The International Water Management Institute is looking for a person with a PhD in rural sociology, development studies, gender in development or anthropology, which was awarded not more than 5 years ago. Deadline: November 24, 2013
PUBLICATION: The Possible Shape of a Land Transparency Initiative. A report from ODI examines other transparency initiative and draws lessons for the case of land.
ONLINE RESOURCE: Focus on Land in Africa (FOLA) Website. FOLA is an educational resource for development practitioners and policy makers that explores how land and natural resource rights affect, and are effected by, development in Africa.
EMPLOYMENT: WRI Project Manager, Governance of Forests Initiative
The Governance of Forests Initiative (GFI) project at the World Resources Institute has an opening for a Project Manager position.
The Governance of Forests Initiative (GFI) is a project housed in WRI’s Institutions and Governance Program (IGP). However, as a cross topic project (forests, governance, and climate) we work closely with our colleagues both in other projects in IGP and across the institute, including in the People and Ecosystems Program and in the Climate and Energy Program.
GFI’s goal is to strengthen land use laws and practices that impact forests to reduce deforestation and forest degradation and increase communities’ rights to natural resources. We seek to improve the participation, transparency, and responsiveness of government practices that impact forest land allocation and use in Brazil, Cameroon, and Indonesia, as well as globally though international instruments. We produce knowledge on pressing forest governance challenges; generate constructive dialogue on how to improve governance of land and forests; and advance reforms from local to global arenas. The GFI’s theory of change involves two major strategies:
- International Strategy: GFI seeks to influence international policy processes and financial flows in order to generate increased demand and support for good governance of forests at the global level. Key influence targets include the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and Forest Investment Program (FIP); the UN Collaborative Programme on REDD (UN-REDD); and the currently diffuse network of international practitioners and experts working on issues relating to forest governance.
- Country Strategy: GFI seeks to empower civil society in forest-rich countries to carry out evidence-based research and advocacy for needed governance reforms at the national and subnational level. The project is currently supporting civil society partners in Brazil, Indonesia, and Cameroon. Additional countries may be considered in the future.
The analytical foundation of both strategies is the GFI Framework of Indicators (GFI-FI), which provides a generic methodology for assessing and monitoring forest governance on the ground.
More information on the position is available at the WRI Careers webpage: http://www.wri.org/about/careers
PUBLICATION: The Possible Shape of a Land Transparency Initiative
A report from ODI examines other transparency initiative and draws lessons for the case of land. The key messages:
- Transparency is not an objective in itself but a means to an end.
- Possible aims of a land transparency initiative are to improve the impact of land investments on poverty alleviation and food security in developing countries, and increase security of tenure and transparency of land governance.
- Clear indicators of success and a monitoring system need to be established from the start, with flexibility to adapt these as needed as the initiative evolves.
- Meaningful consultation and participation are key and need adequate time and space to develop.
- Data should be of high quality, openly available, and in an accessible, widely used format, although this can often be the main factor causing problems of transparency.
- A clear institutional structure for governing a land transparency initiative needs to be set up with distinct roles and mandates at international and national levels.
Wednesday, October 30, 2013
ONLINE RESOURCE: Focus on Land in Africa Website
Focus on Land in Africa (FOLA) is an educational resource for development practitioners and policy makers that explores how land and natural resource rights affect, and are effected by, development in Africa. Through raising awareness of these issues, FOLA aims to elevate land and natural resource rights as an urgent priority for development in Africa.
While never offering a blueprint, FOLA shares a diversity of insights, experiences, and lessons from countries across the continent, highlighting the critical role of property rights in local livelihoods and development.
It examines the impact of land and natural resource rights on agriculture, the environment, conflict, urban poverty, women's empowerment, and other development issues. It provides in-depth analysis of a variety of property rights issues, and how they are addressed in different countries and contexts.
FOLA’s newly redesigned site includes a number of interesting and useful features, including the video below and others.
Tuesday, October 29, 2013
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Large-Scale Restoration of Ecosystems
This special issue of S.A.P.I.EN.S [Surveys and Perspectives Integrating Environment and Society] aims to collect background material and identify relevant experiences for the international Conference that Veolia Environment Institute is organizing jointly with Agence Française de Developpement, International Union for Conservation of Nature and US National Research Council Water Sciences and Technology Board on “Ecosystems, Economy and Society: how large-scale restoration can stimulate sustainable development?”. Some articles will be selected for presentation or poster session at the Conference, to be held on May 29-30, 2014, at the US National Academy of Sciences in Washington DC, USA.
The objective of the Conference is to analyze the potential of large-scale restoration for the improvement of people’s livelihoods, jobs creation and socio-economic development, together with the recovery of ecosystems functionalities, continuity and biodiversity.
Deadline: November 15, 2013
Monday, October 28, 2013
GRADUATE ASSISTANTSHIPS/FELLOWSHIPS: Michigan State University Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability
Graduate assistantships/fellowships are available for self-motivated students conduct innovative and high-impact research towards Ph.D. or M.S. degrees in the Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability (CSIS) at Michigan State University. Research topics may include coupled human and natural systems, telecouplings (socioeconomic and environmental interactions over distances through globalization, trade, migration, species invasion, water transfer, and other means), sustainability science, biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services, human well-being, land change science, forest and landscape ecology, global change, systems integration (e.g., integration of ecology with demography, economics, sociology, technology, and policy), ecology and management of wildlife (e.g., giant pandas in China), and systems modeling and simulation (e.g., agent-based modeling). Papers on these topics by CSIS faculty and students have been published in journals such as Science, Nature, and PNAS (see http://csis.msu.edu/research/publications).
With flexible start dates, successful candidates can build on these previous studies and/or explore new frontiers of research. They will also have opportunities to interact with leaders and peers in these fields worldwide through various ways, such as the International Network of Research on Coupled Human and Natural Systems (CHANS-Net.org) and the NASA-MSU Professional Enhancement Awards Program (http://csis.msu.edu/education/nasa_msu_award), which are organized by CSIS. More information about CSIS is available at http://csis.msu.edu.
Application materials include: (1) letter of application, (2) statement of professional goals, (3) CV or resume, (4) transcripts, (5) GRE scores, (6) TOEFL scores (for non-native English speakers only), (7) list of 3-4 references (names and contact information), and (8) up to three representative publications if any. Unofficial copies of GRE, TOEFL and transcripts are OK initially.
Please email the application materials to Dr. Jianguo (Jack) Liu at email@example.com. Questions about these opportunities can also be emailed to Dr. Liu.
Deadline: November 20, 2013
Thursday, October 24, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: CIP Post-doctoral Scientist on Climate Change Adaptation and Gender
The International Potato Center (CIP) is seeking a dynamic and resourceful young scientist to work on Climate Change Adaptation and Gender in research activities in Agricultural Systems to be developed by the Production Systems and the Environment Sub-program in Latin America, Asia and Africa under different CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs).
This position will be based in Lima, Peru. It will report to the Production Systems and Environment Sub Program Leader. The candidate is expected to contribute to research activities conducted under the Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and Humidtropics (CRPs). Likewise, he or she will work in alignment with gender strategies of the other CGIAR research programs.
Duties and responsibilities: The position involves the following tasks and responsibilities:
- Systematizing existing local knowledge on ethno climatology in different agrarian societies under diverse climatic conditions.
- Develop research tools to support qualitative and quantitative research on adaptation decisions, including scenarios, household models, gender roles and social learning methods.
- Learning about local communication networks and gender roles in the use of bio indicators and decision making.
- Translating local information, knowledge and mental models into information useful to feed mathematical models, and assessing the feasibility of formalizing local knowledge with the use of artificial intelligence.
- Contribute to research on understanding adaptation decisions and strategies by individuals, households and decision making at multi-tier levels (local, district and national).
- Characterizing the information needs to incorporate CCAFS forecasting into the local “language” and networks.
- Conduct risk analysis around behavior change on “climate smart agriculture”.
- Conduct monitoring and evaluation/ impact assessments of adaptation strategies outcomes.
- Seeking ways of building synergies between traditional and numeric forecasts for improved decision making.
- Organize and facilitate workshops with multiple stakeholders.
- Contribute to the preparation of scientific papers based on the conducted work.
- Contribute to capacity building activities.
- Any other related task assigned by the supervisor.
Deadline: October 28, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: Researcher, Environmental Policy and Natural Resources Management, German Development Institute (DIE)
The German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) is one of the leading think tanks on development policy. Through excellent research, policy advice and training, the Institute contributes to finding solutions to global challenges. There is a job vacancy in the department Environmental Policy and Natural Resources Management for a Researcher (m/f), salary according to German public service tariff (TVÖD) up to € 60.000,00 depending on qualifications.
The position can be filled from 1 December 2013 and is limited until 31 December 2014. In the project “Climate Change and Development” funded by BMZ, the person will work on the role of payments for ecosystem services and/or market-based mechanisms (such as REDD+, reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) in the context of land-based adaption to climate change and/or mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. The focus will be on developing countries.
Deadline: November 5, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: Natural Resource/Agricultural Economist, Earth Innovation Institute
Earth Innovation Institute is looking to hire an economist to conduct policy and economic analysis is support of state and national-level strategies to support the transition to a Low Emissions Rural Development Model.
Earth Innovation Institute catalyzes innovative, large-scale transitions to low-emissions rural development in tropical regions by promoting policies, market transformation, and sustainable farming, forestry, and fisheries systems that improve rural livelihoods and enhance the capacity of the planet to support life. Through targeted, regional interventions, we seek globally significant increases in farm production, forest cover, fisheries yields, and rural household wellbeing while decreasing emissions of heat-trapping gas.
Born in the Brazilian Amazon with a staff that has been working in unruly forest frontiers while designing and testing sustainable farming, forestry and fisheries management systems for decades, Earth Innovation Institute drives the transition to low-emission rural development through cutting-edge research that identifies potential synergies among policies, market trends, and rural sectors, by designing regional transition strategies that are supported by businesses, governments at multiple levels, communities and civil society, by creating novel alliances among institutions, and by building local institutional capacity. . We are now working with local partners to design and/or implement transitional strategies for low-emission rural development in Brazil (Mato Grosso, Pará, Acre, São Paulo States, national), Indonesia (Central Kalimantan, West Papua), Colombia (national), Mexico (Chiapas State), Peru (the Pachitea Watershed), Kenya (the central montane region), Paraguay, and Ghana.
Reporting directly to the Executive Director, the Economist will conduct policy and economic analysis in support of state and national-level strategies to support the transition to a Low Emissions Rural Development model. The Economist will focus work in select tropical regions delivering innovative, quantitative and original research in support of inter-disciplinary solutions to challenges of environmental sustainability and natural resource scarcity. The Economist will contribute to Earth Innovation Institute’s work under the “Forests, Farms, and Finance Initiative” currently focused on Central Kalimantan, Brazil (Mato Grosso) and Colombia and the “Southern NGO Alliance” focused on Brazil, Mexico (Chiapas) and the Peruvian Amazon.
- Lead economic component of collaborative and inter-disciplinary research program;
- Compile economic data and perform analysis of agricultural commodity supply chains, with a focus on palm oil, soy, sugar cane, and beef; additional research will be conducted on forest and fisheries enterprises;
- Research financing solutions from domestic and international sources to promote sustainable pathways in agricultural productive sectors within target regions;
- Compile and analyze economic data in order to deliver and present reports to varied stakeholders, including government, businesses, investors, multi-lateral agencies, and civil society organizations;
- Formulate recommendations or plans to aid in market interpretation of and solutions to existing economic barriers to sustainability for agricultural commodity production and sustainable use of forests and fisheries.
QUALIFICATIONS AND EXPERIENCE:
- PhD in natural resource, agricultural, forest or environmental economics;
- At least 2 years experience in land and natural resource economics, agricultural economics, sustainable supply chains, and/or land-use in tropical regions;
- Proficiency with relevant quantitative economic analysis approaches (e.g. econometric analysis, rent modeling, spatially-explicit cost functions);
- Professionals with practical experience working with farm sectors, commodity supply chains and/or public agricultural and natural resource policies in tropical or developing nations highly desired;
- Track record in publishing research as policy briefs and peer-reviewed journals;
- Demonstrated capacity to write competitive grant proposals;
- Excellent communication skills (both writing and verbal);
- Demonstrated ability to work effectively with individuals from a variety of disciplines, cultures, and backgrounds;
- Working knowledge of Portuguese, Spanish, and/or Bahasa Indonesia desired;
- Requires ability to travel.
Position: Full time, exempt
Location: San Francisco, CA
Application deadline: October 30th, 2013 or until filled
Desired start date: ASAP
Compensation: based on qualifications and experience with competitive benefit package.Application Instructions: Please send cover letter referencing Job# 2307FHDCN13, curriculum vitae, and contact information for 3 references firstname.lastname@example.org. Please reference Job# 2307FHDCN13 in the subject line of the email.
Deadline: October 30, 2013
This Week’s Posts
EMPLOYMENT: Assistant Professor, Sustainable Economics and Community Development. The Goodnight Family Sustainable Development Department at Appalachian State University in Boone, NC, USA, invites applications for a tenure-track, nine-month faculty position at the rank of Assistant Professor, beginning August 2014. Deadline: open
EMPLOYMENT: CIP Post-doctoral Scientist on Climate Change Adaptation and Gender. The International Potato Center is seeking a dynamic and resourceful young scientist to work on Climate Change Adaptation and Gender in research activities in Agricultural Systems to be developed by the Production Systems and the Environment Sub-program in Latin America, Asia and Africa under different CGIAR Research Programs. Deadline: October 28, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: Natural Resource/Agricultural Economist, Earth Innovation Institute. Earth Innovation Institute is looking to hire an economist to conduct policy and economic analysis is support of state and national-level strategies to support the transition to a Low Emissions Rural Development Model. Deadline: October 30, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: Food & Climate Justice Temporary Postdoctoral Research Assistant, ECI, CCAFS, and Oxfam. Applications are invited for a Postdoctoral Research Assistant position to work in the Environmental Change Institute (ECI) with the Food Systems research team for a period of 12 weeks. Deadline: November 4, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: Researcher, Environmental Policy and Natural Resources Management, German Development Institute (DIE). The Researcher will work on the role of payments for ecosystem services and/or market-based mechanisms (such as REDD+, reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) in the context of land-based adaption to climate change and/or mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. Deadline: November 5, 2013
PUBLICATION & ONLINE RESOURCE: Sustaining the Commons. John M. Anderies and Marco A. Janssen of the Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity at Arizona State University have published a free textbook discussing the main framework, concepts, and applications of the work of Elinor Ostrom and her colleagues for an undergraduate audience.
ONLINE RESOURCE: Securing Community Land Rights. The international conference on Scaling-up Strategies to Secure Community Land and Resources Rights brought together 180 participants who have a direct, common, and urgent interest in clarifying and securing the ownership of the developing world's lands and resources.
VIDEO: A Farmer in Africa: Property Rights. The World Resources Institute (WRI) has produced a video illustrating some of the issues surrounding property rights for formers in Africa.
EMPLOYMENT: Assistant Professor, Sustainable Economics and Community Development
The Goodnight Family Sustainable Development Department at Appalachian State University in Boone, NC, USA, invites applications for a tenure-track, nine-month faculty position at the rank of Assistant Professor, beginning August 2014. A PhD in an area related to sustainable economics and community development is required. The field of specialization is open. Candidates must have a PhD by the beginning of the appointment.
The successful candidate will have the ability to teach courses in sustainable economics and alternative development and an active research agenda related to sustainable development.
We seek broadly trained applicants from a range of disciplines, including but not limited to anthropology, economics, cultural studies, geography, global studies, political science, and sociology. Preferred candidates will have evidence of potential for effective scholarship, teaching excellence and commitment to teaching, and the ability to develop strong research and teaching programs. Applicants should have a strong desire to contribute to a vibrant, growing department.
The teaching load is three courses per semester for faculty with an active research agenda. Faculty must be able to maintain a productive level of scholarship and participate regularly in curriculum development, student advisement, and service activities.
Applications should include: 1) a letter of interest that includes discussion of relevant scholarly research, teaching experience, and community development work; 2) a curriculum vitae, including contact information for at least three references; and 3) a statement articulating your approach to the interface of sustainable development and economics.
Review of applications will begin October 25, 2013, and continue until the position is filled. All application materials should be submitted electronically to <email@example.com>.
Any questions regarding the position may be addressed to the search committee chair, Dr. Jennifer Westerman, at <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Appalachian State University is a member institution of the sixteen-campus University of North Carolina system. Located in Boone, North Carolina, USA, the University has approximately 17,000 students, primarily in bachelors and masters programs in both liberal arts and applied fields. Appalachian has both a traditional residential campus and a variety of distance education programs. Additional information about the Sustainable Development Department, the University, and the surrounding area is located at <www.sd.appstate.edu>.
Appalachian State is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer. The university has a strong commitment to the principles of diversity and inclusion and to maintaining working and learning environments that are free of all forms of discrimination. Appalachian State University strongly encourages applications from women, minorities, veterans, individuals with disabilities, and members of other underrepresented groups.
Individuals with disabilities may request accommodations in the application process by contacting Dr. Jennifer Westerman at <email@example.com>. Any offer of employment to a successful candidate will be conditioned upon the University’s receipt of a satisfactory criminal background report. Documentation of identity and employability of the applicant will be required before the hiring process can be finalized.
EMPLOYMENT: ICRAF Regional Coordinator for South Asia
The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) is an independent research institution which generates science-based knowledge about the complex role trees play in agricultural landscapes and rural livelihoods. As part of the Centre’s work to bring tree-based solutions to bear on poverty and environmental problems, researchers – working in close collaboration with partners – are developing new technologies, tools and policy recommendations for increased food security and ecosystem health.
Regional Coordinators are responsible for envisioning, and implementing research and development programmes covering several countries within a specific geographic region. They play a key role in integrating ICRAF’s six scientific domains into appropriate geographic and socio-political contexts. ICRAF’s South Asia regional office, based in New Delhi covers Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The regional coordinator reports directly to the Deputy Director General Research. The job area covers Leadership, Partnership, Management (including representation and communication) and Resource Mobilization, as elaborated hereunder.
Deadline: November 16, 2013
Wednesday, October 23, 2013
VIDEO: A Farmer in Africa: Property Rights
The World Resources Institute (WRI) has produced a video illustrating some of the issues surrounding property rights for formers in Africa.
In developing countries around the world, rural people are losing their land and natural resources with often profound adverse effects on local livelihoods and wellbeing, and on local environments and ecosystem services. This occurs because of weak property rights and insecure tenure arrangements. This video tells the story of a farmer in Sub-Saharan Africa who loses the right to farm on his land, and emphasizes the importance of government decisions that balance the individual rights of citizens with national public interest.
EMPLOYMENT: Food & Climate Justice Temporary Postdoctoral Research Assistant, ECI, CCAFS, and Oxfam
Applications are invited for a Postdoctoral Research Assistant position to work in the Environmental Change Institute (ECI) with the Food Systems research team for a period of 12 weeks, reporting to John Ingram, the ECI Food Systems Programme Leader. The post holder will have responsibility for carrying out research in support of the ‘Food and climate justice’ project under the joint supervision of ECI, CCAFS and Oxfam. This project will build on the Oxfam briefing paper ‘Growing disruption: climate change, food and the fight against hunger’ and will consider how change in climate variability alters the conditions that commonly weaken poor people’s access to food and utilisation of food, and with what effects.
The objective is to deliver a high standard working paper for Oxfam by 31 March 2014 which briefly lays out the conditions (infringements of food justice) that commonly weaken poor people’s access to food and utilisation of food; and particularly, discusses how climate change variations as it relates to climate shocks alters those conditions and with what effects.
Deadline: November 4, 2013
Tuesday, October 22, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: IWMI Postdoctoral Fellow—Gender and Poverty
The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) (www.iwmi.org) is looking for a person with a PhD in rural sociology, development studies, gender in development or anthropology, which was awarded not more than 5 years ago. The person should also have a strong analytical mind, ability to synthesize information and the ability to write persuasively.
The incumbent will work primarily for the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) in the program’s focal regions in South Asia and Africa. WLE, led by IWMI, conducts research and capacity building activities related to water, land and ecosystem management, with the goal of improving food security, livelihoods and the natural environment in developing countries. By working with its diverse partners, WLE is creating innovative approaches to translating natural resource management research into actionable recommendations for policymakers, resource managers and poor rural communities.
The position holder will be based at the headquarters of IWMI in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and will report to the Coordinator - Gender, Poverty and Institutions of WLE.
- contribute to the social analyses of inequity in rural water an d potential poverty traps;
- develop and implement, under the guidance of senior researchers , research on inequity traps within water;
- analyze local water tenure, and pro-poor and gender equitable b ottom-up initiatives for equitable water sharing and pollution prevention in a basin context;
- design and implement field data collection exercises and superv ise the work of research assistants;
- provide inputs into discussions on gender and equity within WLE and IWMI; and
- produce internationally peer-reviewed and other publications, and disseminate findings by attending international forums and through other outlets.
More information (pdf).
Deadline: November 24, 2013
ONLINE RESOURCE: Securing Community Land Rights
The international conference on Scaling-up Strategies to Secure Community Land and Resources Rights brought together 180 participants from 40 countries representing local communities, Indigenous Peoples organizations, governments, private investors, food and resource companies, and development and conservation NGOs, all of whom have a direct, common, and urgent interest in clarifying and securing the ownership of the developing world's lands and resources.
From the conference press release:
At an international conference on community land and resource rights, organizers called for doubling the amount of land recognized as owned or controlled by Indigenous Peoples and local communities by 2018. Determining the current amount of land in this category is just as important as doubling it—while the amount of forests or agricultural land has been established, a thorough catalogue of all land types under indigenous or local control has not been a priority until this point.
The conference also produced the video below. To learn more about how to get involved in this effort to secure land and resource rights for all the world’s people, visit the website.
Monday, October 21, 2013
PUBLICATION & ONLINE RESOURCE: Sustaining the Commons
John M. Anderies and Marco A. Janssen of the Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity at Arizona State University have published a free textbook discussing the main framework, concepts, and applications of the work of Elinor Ostrom and her colleagues for an undergraduate audience.
In this book you will learn about institutions–the rules and norms that guide the interactions among us. Those rules and norms can be found from traffic rules, rules in sports, regulations on when and where alcohol can be consumed, to constitutional rules that define who can become president of the United States of America. Rules and norms guide us to cooperative outcomes of so-called collective action problems. If we rely on voluntary contributions only to get anything done, this may not lead to the best results. But research also shows that coercion of people to comply to strict rules do not necessary lead to good outcomes. What combination of sticks and carrots is needed to be successful to solve collective action problems such as sustaining the commons?
The book is based on the work of Elinor Ostrom and her colleagues. Ostrom is best known as the 2009 co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics “for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons”. Elinor Ostrom was a professor at Indiana University since the mid 1960s, and a part-time research professor at Arizona State University since 2006. She was active in research and teaching until her death at the age of 78 on June 12, 2012.
The authors also have a blog discussing materials and issues related to the topics in the textbook. You can read the blog and download the book here.
EMPLOYMENT: Namati Program Manager, Community Land Protection
Namati’s Community Land Protection Program supports communities to follow national land documentation laws to protect their customary and indigenous land claims. The Program’s goal is to proactively strengthen communities’ ability to protect, enforce, and defend their land rights. To this end, the Community Land Protection Program’s objectives are to:
- Support community land protection and documentation, so as to proactively ensure against dispossession.
- Support communities’ efforts to reclaim land and natural resource rights taken from them in the past.
- Undertake a community land protection engagement strategy that:
- Resolves longstanding land conflicts;
- Promotes active stewardship and conservation of community lands and natural resources;
- Supports communities to establish and implement mechanisms that protect the land rights of women, minorities and other vulnerable groups;
- Promotes leaders’ downward accountability to ensure good governance of community lands and natural resources;
- Increases community participation in local land and natural resource decision-making;
- Preserves and strengthens local culture and increases community capacity to plan for and actualize community-driven local development.
To achieve its objectives, the Community Land Protection Program:
- Works in partnership with national and local organizations to support community land protection efforts;
- Provides technical support and training to NGOs interested in facilitating community land protection efforts;
- Creates training and capacity-building tools and resources for use by advocates;
- Provides seed grants to support local NGOs to pilot community land protection efforts in their region;
- Rigorously researches the impacts of community land protection efforts;
- Provides technical expertise to governments in the process of drafting and implementing land legislation; and
- Works to impact global policy and practice regarding legal recognition and respect for community land and natural resource rights.
Namati’s Community Land Protection Program is recruiting a dynamic, experienced land rights, natural resource management and/or community empowerment professional to support the program to scale-up its community land and natural resource protection work globally. The Community Land Protection Program Manager will report directly to the Community Land Protection Program Director.
The Community Land Protection Program Manager will help the program to:
- Expand its in-country activities with national partner organizations;
- Strengthen Namati’s community land protection model and support its adaptation to a range of cultural and legal contexts;
- Work with national partners to build strong local leaders able to drive community land protection and environmental stewardship efforts;
- Pursue effective national land policy advocacy and global movement-building;
- Build a global database of findings concerning how to best support communities to protect their lands and natural resources;
- Create and curate a wide range of tools, guides and other resources to support community land protection advocates worldwide;
- Publish extensively on the wide variety of community land protection experiences;
- Extend provision of technical expertise to a wider representation of government agencies worldwide;
- Advocate successfully that key bilateral agencies promote community land ownership as a key driver of national growth and prosperity.
Deadline: November 20, 2013
Thursday, October 10, 2013
This Week’s Posts
CALL FOR PAPERS: World Bank 2014 Land and Poverty Conference. Under the theme of "Land Governance in the Post-2015 Agenda: Harnessing Synergies for Implementation and Monitoring Impact", the 2014 conference will focus on building a shared understanding of best practices in land governance. Deadline: November 10
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Access and Allocation in the Anthropocene, Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance. The conference will be held 1-3 July 2014 at the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK. Deadline: November 15, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: Action Area Coordinator, CGIAR Humid Tropic Program (Vietnam-based). The World Agroforestry Center is looking for a suitably qualified and enthusiastic person to fill the challenging position of Action Area Coordinator of the Central Mekong Action Area of the Humidtropics. Deadline: November 5, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: ICARDA Social Scientist. The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas is recruiting a Social Scientist to lead research on the social aspects of agricultural research for development including gender aspects. Deadline: November 10, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: CIFOR Director of Governance Research. The new Director will be responsible for the development, management, delivery and scientific quality of CIFOR’s engagements in governance research. Deadline: November 20, 2013
TRAINING: Net-Map Certification Training in Washington, DC. Net-Map is an interview-based mapping tool that helps people understand, visualize, discuss, and improve situations in which many different actors influence outcomes. A Net-Map certification course will be held in Washington, DC, on November 15-16th. Deadline: open
PUBLICATION: Getting the Engagement of Local Institutions in the UN Development Agenda Post-2015. An IIED publication from David Satterthwaite, Sheridan Bartlett, Yves Cabannes, and Donald Brown.
EMPLOYMENT: ICARDA Social Scientist
The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) is recruiting a Social Scientist for immediate availability. This position will lead research on the social aspects of agricultural research for development including gender aspects. The social scientist will support and work across ICARDA research programs and particularly within the Dryland Systems CGIAR Research Program (CRP). The Dryland Systems CRP aims to improve the livelihoods of rural communities in dry lands through reducing vulnerability of the most marginal agricultural production systems to climatic and market variations, and through sustainable intensification of agro-ecosystems with higher production potential, using an integrated agro-ecosystems approach. The social scientist will lead, facilitate and support capacity building in social science research including mainstreaming gender in all program activities.
- Provide leadership to the design and implementation of ICARDA social science research including the gender strategy and particularly lead and coordinate ICARDA’s gender component, especially as it contributes to the Dryland Systems CGIAR research program.
- Participate in designing, implementing, monitoring and evaluating research activities that include and promote social inclusion as well as gender equality and local community empowerment.
- Provide leadership and facilitate effective capacity building in social science research, consideration of gender equity and social inclusion in the activities of ICARDA, particularly those contributing to the Dryland Systems CGIAR research program.
- Build effective collaboration with partners in order to maximize potential synergies, internalize effectively lessons learnt from past programs/experiences, and disseminate evidence for influencing policy and practice.
- Facilitate cross-regional exchange of knowledge and documentation of tested and new approaches with potential for up-scaling in the area of social science research and gender integration in agricultural research.
- Publish research outputs in ISI peer-reviewed journals and other forms of publications.
- Lead and participate in fund-raising activities to support social science research and strengthen the Center’s contribution to the CGIAR research programs.
Deadline: November 10, 2013
Wednesday, October 09, 2013
CALL FOR PAPERS: World Bank 2014 Land and Poverty Conference
Every year the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty brings together representatives from governments, civil society, academia, the development community, and the private sector to discuss issues of concern to communities, land practitioners and policymakers worldwide. The conference aims to foster dialogue and the sharing of best practices on the diversity of reforms, approaches and experiences that are being implemented in the land sector around the world (see the 2013 conference website for more details and the papers presented last year).
Under the theme of "Land Governance in the Post-2015 Agenda: Harnessing Synergies for Implementation and Monitoring Impact", the 2014 conference will focus on building a shared understanding of best practices in land governance. By providing an opportunity to strengthen collaboration between diverse experts in land governance, the conference aims to put stakeholders at the country level in a position to address this key development issue. Papers are invited for presentations at the conference in seven thematic areas:
- Securing and protecting land rights from a gender perspective
- Managing urban landscapes
- Attracting responsible land-based investment for local benefits and common resource management
- Maximizing benefits from spatial data
- Strengthening country level institutions
- Fostering transparency in land ownership, use, and administration
- Research on key aspects of land governance
Authors interested in presenting at the conference are requested to submit an initial 800 to 1,500 word abstract. The final paper should be between 6,000 and 12,000 words. Submission of an abstract implies the author’s willingness to review up to four other abstracts. A technical committee will decide on paper acceptance based on the following criteria:
- Innovative nature and policy relevance
- Contribution to the literature and body of knowledge in general
- Quality of methodology and analytical rigor
- Links to capacity building
Authors will have the choice to submit an abstract individually or create a group proposal.
Deadline: November 10 (group proposals) or November 17 (individual abstracts), 2013
EMPLOYMENT: CIFOR Director of Governance Research
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) advances human well-being, environmental conservation, sustainable development and equity by conducting research to inform and support policies and practices that affect people, forests and landscapes. CIFOR is headquartered in Indonesia, with offices across Asia, Africa and Latin America, and is a member of the CGIAR Consortium.
The new Director will be responsible for the development, management, delivery and scientific quality of CIFOR’s engagements in governance research. This includes institutional arrangements, public and private finance, gender, legal frameworks, law enforcement, land and forest tenure reforms, collaborative forest and landscape management, and climate change — all of which will be addressed from a cross-sectoral and broad development perspective.
The Director will ensure coordination with CIFOR’s portfolios on livelihoods and environmental research as well as with relevant CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs). S/he will manage a team at HQ and supervise the scientific work of researchers globally. As a member of CIFOR’s senior management, the Director will also fulfill center-wide roles, such as managing strategic partnerships, convening conferences and representing CIFOR at key events.
- Contribute to the overall leadership of CIFOR as a member of the senior management group, including strategy development and resource mobilization and the maintenance and development of relationships with strategic partners.
- Be responsible for planning, budgeting, expenditure management, delivery and reporting for the Governance research portfolio, including delegation of budget holder responsibilities and CRP components leadership as necessary.
- Lead, manage and enhance the performance of a multidisciplinary and multicultural research team at headquarters.
- Support the scientific performance in the Governance field of CIFOR scientists and CIFOR-associated experts stationed outside headquarters.
- Lead the development of partnerships for Governance research.
- Provide strategic direction and lead the development of research methods relevant to the Governance research portfolio to be deployed across CIFOR’s priority research components, and be responsible for assuring the quality of new research initiatives and publications.
- Contribute to the management and implementation of CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry and the components and activities led and/or coordinated by CIFOR, notably those relating to the management of conservation of forest and tree resources as well as the impacts of trade and investment on forests and people.
- Identify and support progress along impact pathways to ensure the relevance of research to target policy arenas and practitioner communities.
- Foster collaboration with other CIFOR research domains, regional offices, and partner organizations.
- Represent CIFOR in relevant international forums.
Deadline: November 20, 2013
Tuesday, October 08, 2013
PUBLICATION: Getting the Engagement of Local Institutions in the UN Development Agenda Post-2015
An IIED publication from David Satterthwaite, Sheridan Bartlett, Yves Cabannes, and Donald Brown:
Wherever living standards are high, local governments have played, and continue to play, a major role in their achievement – often the primary role. This can be seen in the wide range of responsibilities they have for infrastructure and services. They also generally have key roles in ensuring health and safety in buildings and enterprises, in disaster prevention and preparedness and in engaging with citizens and civil society. The pivotal involvement of local governments in implementing and ‘localising’ the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is rarely recognised or acted on by national governments and international agencies. This is also the case for much of the discussion on post-2015 sustainable development goals. The UN system and the official aid agencies and development banks fail to understand and thus to support the contributions of local governments, and even to acknowledge them as stakeholders. The focus is on goals and targets and not on who has to be empowered and supported to ensure these are met.
There is a need to rethink goals and targets so that these focus on universal provision of basic services, on building local government capacity and commitment to such goals ensure their achievement, and to work with citizens and civil society in order to do so.
EMPLOYMENT: Action Area Coordinator, CGIAR Humid Tropic Program (Vietnam-based)
The World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF) is looking for a suitably qualified and enthusiastic person to fill the challenging position of Action Area Coordinator of the Central Mekong Action Area of the Humidtropics, in which ICRAF is the lead institution. Humidtropics is the CGIAR Research Program on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics. (More here on Humidtropics.)
This new global research for development (R4D) program targets systems that affect up to 1.5 billion rural people, most of whom operate within smallholder farming systems in which livestock and crop production are intimately linked. The program focuses on increasing the available options and strengthening the capacity of poor and vulnerable people to improve their livelihoods and living environment. The strategy is based on promising innovations and technologies for agricultural systems in the humid tropics that will result in vibrant communities, economic success, educated people, and environments that encourage health and well-being.
The Action Area Coordinator will be responsible for implementing the Humidtropics research for development agenda in above Action Area, comprising of three Actions Sites including parts of Cambodia, China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam. The Action Area Coordinator will be part of the Humidtropics Management Committee and will report to the ICRAF East Asia Node Leader and Vietnam Country Coordinator.
The primary responsibilities of the Action Area Coordinator will include:
- Facilitate the implementation of the research for development agenda of the Humidtropics in the Central Mekong Action Area in cooperation with partner organisations.
- Initiate and lead fund raising to complement the budget from the CGIAR together with partner institutions.
- Engage in monitoring and evaluating progress against project milestones and impact indicators in above Action Area.
- Lead the development of sub-agreements and budgets to partners for above Action Area and ensure proper technical and financial feedback from partners.
- Implement the Humidtropics-wide communication and knowledge management strategies within above Action Area.
- Represent Humidtropics as needed.
There will also be an opportunity to develop and carry our own research aligned with the Humidtropics Program.
Deadline: November 5, 2013
Monday, October 07, 2013
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Access and Allocation in the Anthropocene, Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance
The 2014 Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance on “Access and Allocation in the Anthropocene” will be held 1-3 July 2014 at the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK. This event will be the fifth in a global conference series organized by the Earth System Governance Project, a ten-year research programme under the auspices of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP).
The 2014 Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance will be jointly hosted by the University of East Anglia and the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research on behalf of the Earth System Governance Project.
The challenge of establishing effective strategies for mediating the relationship between humans and the natural world represents one of the most daunting tasks in the quest for environmental sustainability at all levels, from the local to the global. Environmental problems, such as climate change, biodiversity loss, water quality and access problems, soil erosion and others, call into question the fundamental viability of how humans have organized the relationship between society and nature. There is an urgent need to identify and develop new strategies for steering societies towards a more sustainable relationship with the natural world.
The Earth System Governance Project was launched in 2009 to address these problems of environmental governance. In this project, “earth system governance” is defined as the interrelated system of formal and informal rules, rule-making mechanisms and actor-networks at all levels of human society (from local to global) that are set up to steer societies towards preventing, mitigating, and adapting to global and local environmental change and earth system transformation, within the normative context of sustainable development. The Earth System Governance Project’s Science Plan (available at www.earthsystemgovernance.org) is organized around five analytical themes. Architecture relates to the emergence, design and effectiveness of governance arrangements. Agency addresses questions of who governs the earth system and how. Adaptiveness research explores the ability of governance systems to change in the face of new knowledge and challenges as well as to enhance adaptiveness of social-ecological systems in the face of major disturbances. Accountability refers to the democratic quality of environmental governance arrangements. Finally, access and allocation deal with justice, equity, and fairness.
The 2014 Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance will address these five analytical themes with a special focus on access and allocation.
Deadline: November 15, 2013
TRAINING: Net-Map Certification Training in Washington, DC
Net-Map is an interview-based mapping tool that helps people understand, visualize, discuss, and improve situations in which many different actors influence outcomes. By creating Influence Network Maps, individuals and groups can clarify their own view of a situation, foster discussion, and develop a strategic approach to their networking activities.
A Net-Map certification course will be held in Washington, DC, on November 15-16th.
You will learn how to use this pen-and-paper method in meetings, individual interviews and to structure your own thinking process. It will improve your project planning, monitoring and evaluation, team work and strategic networking.
From years of Net-Mapping experience, I have distilled the most common prototypical influence network structures, which I will share with you. This will help you detect network problems, bottlenecks and opportunities while you are mapping the network so that you can immediately develop improved networking strategies. By mapping out your own case studies (challenges from your work experience), you will learn the method, develop a networking plan for a complex work related issue and improve your “network eyes”.
Because the most difficult questions normally come up once you are back to your own work, wanting to implement what you have learned, we have added a free 2 hour phone or skype consultation, redeemable within 6 months after the training, to the package.
Course size is limited so we recommend that you sign up early.
Thursday, October 03, 2013
This Week’s Posts
CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: PLAAS Postgraduate Diploma in Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies. The Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies (PLAAS) is a research institute within the School of Government at the University of the Western Cape, South Africa. Deadline: October 31, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: CIFOR Postdoctoral Fellows, Tenure. The Center for International Forestry Research currently has three job opportunities for Post Doctoral Fellows to work on tenure reform issues based in Bogor (Indonesia), Lima (Peru) and Nairobi (Kenya), as part of the CGIAR Research Programme on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (CRP6). Deadline: October 20, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: CIAT Senior Policy Expert. The International Center for Tropical Agriculture is hiring for a position that will take on a leadership role on policy analysis and turning science evidence into policy influence globally. Deadline: October 25, 2013
EMPLOYMENT: ICIMOD Programme Coordinator, Regional Programme Adaptation to Change. The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development is looking for a Programme Coordinator to manage and coordinate one of the Initiatives within this Regional Programme. Deadline: November 1, 2013
PUBLICATION: Links between tenure security and food security. An IFPRI Discussion Paper by Hosaena Ghebru Hagos and Stein Holden.
PUBLICATION: Collective Action, Political Parties and the Political Economy of Development. This World Bank Policy Research Working Paper by Philip Keefer is likely to be of interest.
PUBLICATION: Global Capital, Local Concessions: A Data-Driven Examination of Land Tenure Risk and Industrial Concessions in Emerging Market Economies. The Rights and Resources Initiative has released a new report highlighting the substantial financial risks faced by investors when key players in large scale land acquisitions ignore the rights of local communities and Indigenous Peoples.
VIDEO: CIFOR on Who owns the rights to the world's common resources? The Center for International Forestry Research has produced a video featuring Andrew Wardell, Director of CIFOR's Forests and Governance research portfolio, on what is meant by the "commons" and the challenges surrounding the common management of resources.
PUBLICATION: Global Capital, Local Concessions: A Data-Driven Examination of Land Tenure Risk and Industrial Concessions in Emerging Market Economies
The Rights and Resources Initiative has released a new report highlighting the substantial financial risks faced by investors when key players in large scale land acquisitions ignore the rights of local communities and Indigenous Peoples.
Using geospatial data from 12 emerging market economies (EMEs), this analysis attempts to guide investors in emerging markets by shedding light on a difficult problem: overlapping land claims that diminish the value and viability of industrial concessions. We refer to this as “land tenure risk”.
From these datasets and an examination of research and financial information, we conclude that land tenure risk is a statistically significant source of risk in EME concession investments. This risk extends across all land-dependent sectors, regardless of concession type and, to the extent they are even used, normal proxies for judging this risk are not likely to help. Furthermore, it is difficult to make a case for insurability against this risk.
Consequently, a different approach for addressing the risk needs to be developed. The analysis concludes with specific thoughts on this topic, emphasizing the importance of field-level data collection and contextualization within macro-level assessments, all of which can be done economically and in a way that matches standard due diligence procedures.
EMPLOYMENT: CIFOR Postdoctoral Fellows, Tenure
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) currently has three job opportunities for Post Doctoral Fellows to work on tenure reform issues based in Bogor (Indonesia), Lima (Peru) and Nairobi (Kenya), as part of the CGIAR Research Programme on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (CRP6).
The Tenure Post Doctoral Fellows will be part of a core team responsible for implementing a multi-country research and action program examining the impact of forest tenure reforms in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Under the supervision of a senior scientist and a principal scientist, the three postdoctoral fellows will participate in a program that seeks to analyze the success or failure in the practice of policy and institutional innovations to provide more secure rights to forest resources, and to identify conditions under which national or local policy implementation leads to desired outcomes. The program also seeks to improve the knowledge, understanding and skills of policymakers, practitioners and forest-dependent communities for the design and implementation of forest tenure reforms, by providing them with needed information, analysis and tools. Key outputs include:
- Conceptual framework for linking forest tenure reforms and reform implementation processes for tenure security and livelihood options.
- Methods for assessment of forest tenure reform outcomes for differentiated villagers.
- Comparative analysis of factors constraining or facilitating forest tenure reform implementation.
- Tools and principles for guiding the integration and negotiation of diverse interests in complex decision situations.
The three successful candidates will be responsible for ensuring that project activities identified are implemented in a timely and effective manner in the project countries. The main project countries are Indonesia, Peru and Uganda, with additional activities in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador and Nepal. One position will be based in Bogor (Indonesia), one in Lima (Peru) and one in Nairobi (Kenya) and will involve travel within the country as well as to other target countries in each region.
Duties and responsibilities
The Post Doctoral Fellows will contribute substantially to research design, data collection and management, data analysis and production of research outputs, as well the dissemination of research findings.
Main tasks comprise the following:
- Work as part of a dynamic team on the scientific and methodological development of research in the respective country of assignment (i.e. Indonesia, Peru or Uganda).
- Research design including develop hypotheses and data collection instruments.
- Research management such as field testing data collection instruments, training partners in data collection methodologies, and stakeholder consultations to ensure the application of good practice in data collection and management.
- Data analysis and contribution to the production of peer reviewed publications (including policy and Info briefs) with internal and external collaborators.
- Dissemination of results to policy makers and practitioners, including organizing feedback workshops for local communities.
- Develop knowledge sharing programs in the respective counties to inform key stakeholders and achieve uptake of results.
- Develop and maintain a network of strategic research and policy partners in the project countries.
- Represent CIFOR at relevant meetings and events in the countries of interest and in global forums.
- Support the development and implementation of targeted capacity-building programs for stakeholders.
Deadline: October 20, 2013
Wednesday, October 02, 2013
PUBLICATION: Links between tenure security and food security
An IFPRI Discussion Paper by Hosaena Ghebru Hagos and Stein Holden.
While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land tenure reforms. This study, thus, uses five rounds of household panel data from Tigray, Ethiopia, collected in the period 1998–2010 to assess the impacts of a land registration and certification program that aimed to strengthen tenure security and how it has contributed to increased food availability and thus food security in this food-deficit region. Our first survey took place just a year before the intervention (the land certification program). Our panel data in combination with the “years of certificate ownership” variable allow us to assess the dynamic impacts on food (calorie) availability of strengthened tenure security. Anthropometric data also allow us to assess potential child nutrition impacts of the reform 8–12 years after its implementation. Results show that land certification appears to have contributed to enhanced calorie availability (calorie intake), and more so for female-headed households, either through enhanced land rental market participation or increased investment and productivity on owner-operated land. Results also show that members of households that accessed additional land through the land rental market had a significantly higher body mass index. Though results show that land rental market participation is enhancing production efficiency, high transaction costs in that market suggest there are still unrealized gains from trade. Thus, the recent restrictive regional land law that allows for only short-term rental contracts and does not allow more than 50 percent of land to be rented out may threaten future tenure security and may undermine the benefits from the existing tenure reform.
EMPLOYMENT: ICIMOD Programme Coordinator, Regional Programme Adaptation to Change
The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) is a regional intergovernmental learning and knowledge sharing centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. ICIMOD is looking for a Programme Coordinator to manage and coordinate one of the Initiatives within this Regional Programmes.
The Programme Coordinator manages and coordinates all activities within the Initiative under the supervision of the Regional Programme Manager and in close cooperation with the other Programme Coordinators. S/He is the main responsible person for delivering results and impacts of the Initiative, including operational planning, implementing and monitoring all activities, preparing the annual budget and monitoring expenditure on a daily basis, coordination and communication with partners and stakeholders, etc. In close collaboration with the Knowledge Management and Communication Division, the Programme Coordinator will ensure the development of relevant dissemination and outreach activities and products.
The Initiatives within the Regional Programmes draw the necessary human resources from the four Thematic Areas. An important responsibility for the Initiative Coordinator, under the supervision of and in close coordination with the Regional Programme Manager, will thus be to ensure proper human resource planning by constructive coordination and negotiation with the four Theme Leaders.
Deadline: November 1, 2013
Tuesday, October 01, 2013
PUBLICATION: Collective Action, Political Parties and the Political Economy of Development
This World Bank Policy Research Working Paper by Philip Keefer is likely to be of interest:
The ability of citizens to act collectively plays a central role in major debates in the political economy of development, including the causes and consequences of democratization and clientelism. This essay uses two lines of research to underscore the importance of explicitly introducing the organization of collective action into these debates. Exhaustive research on the management of open access resources demonstrates that citizens' ability to act collectively depends on non-trivial organizational arrangements that allow leaders to sanction free-riding and allow members to replace leaders if they shirk. Other research demonstrates wide variability in the organization of political parties. In countries where political parties do not have these two organizational characteristics, public policies are less friendly to economic development. This evidence suggests that in future research on democracy, state-building and development, citizen organization should be a central object of analysis.
EMPLOYMENT: CIAT Senior Policy Expert
The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (www.ciat.cgiar.org) works to reduce hunger and poverty, and improve human health in the tropics through research aimed at increasing the eco-efficiency of agriculture. CIAT is a member of the CGIAR Consortium (www.cgiar.org), a global research partnership working many partners for a food secure future. The Center’s research focuses on improving key crops (cassava, common bean, rice, and tropical forages); reversing soil and land degradation; and using information to foster better decisions about issues such as climate change and environmental management. Headquartered near Cali, Colombia, CIAT has regional offices in Nairobi, Kenya, and Hanoi, Vietnam, with staff posted in other developing countries as well.
This position will take on a leadership role on policy analysis and turning science evidence into policy influence globally. The candidate will strengthen and lead the Policy Expert Group in the Decision and Policy Analysis (DAPA) research area of CIAT. The DAPA group is a growing research area of CIAT that works towards CIAT’s mission of eco-efficient agriculture for the tropics by ensuring improved decision making by a range of stakeholders on the themes of climate change, linking farmers to markets and ecosystem services. See http://dapa.ciat.cgiar.org for more details on DAPA.
The Policy Expert Group in DAPA is focused on identifying, designing, conducting and communicating scientific analysis such that DAPA’s research outcomes serve as an input for improved decision-making at local, national and regional levels and thus contribute to reducing hunger and poverty in the tropics. DAPAs Policy Group is focused on policy incidence, and in collaboration with the Impact and Strategic Studies group provides a feedback loop on policy analysis through ex-ante and ex-post policy impact assessment that will guide the improvement of the policy incidence strategies.
Deadline: October 25, 2013