Thursday, March 27, 2014
PUBLICATIONS: 2 SIANI Briefs on Agroforestry and Food Security
The Swedish International Agricultural Network Initiative (SIANI) has published two agroforestry-focused briefs as part of their work on the theme of “Forests, Landscapes and Food Security”.
- Trees in Home Gardens: Making the Most of an Age-Old Practice to Improve Food Security and Nutrition. This brief explores the value of an agroforestry approach to home gardens, incorporating multiple layers of trees, shrubs and crops, in the context of nutrition and food security. Home gardens have been vital to human societies for thousands of years, and they play an important role in food security and nutrition, especially when food supplies are inadequate or unreliable. Recognizing these benefits, many have sought to promote home gardening as part of efforts to improve food security and nutrition, strengthen livelihoods, and increase poor communities’ resilience to a wide range of shocks, including climate change impacts. This brief seeks to contribute to those efforts, focusing on the value of planting multi-layered gardens with trees, shrubs and crops. It examines the challenges and opportunities in taking such an approach in a development context, drawing on case studies in Sri Lanka, Vietnam and Burkina Faso, and identifies areas for further research and policy analysis. Download PDF (2.2MB)
- Sharing the Land: Restoring Degraded Ecosystems and Improving Livelihoods Through Agroforestry. This brief examines how agroforestry approaches – growing trees with crops, and sometimes with animals – can advance land restoration and conservation while also strengthening livelihoods. Roughly 24% of the world’s land area is degrading, including more than a fifth of the cropland and nearly a third of the forests – yet 1.5 billion people directly depend on degraded areas. This has made conserving and restoring land a priority in many countries. In some regions, agroforestry has been a key land restoration strategy for more than 20 years, but it is far from the norm: a more prevalent approach has been monoculture reforestation and, separately, intensified production on croplands. While the goal is to optimize land use for maximum productivity, the effect may be to exacerbate sustainability challenges by growing low-biodiversity forests and isolating croplands from key ecosystem services. This brief focuses on the potential for agroforestry to provide a more sustainable solution, especially in densely populated landscapes and in food-insecure communities. Download PDF (2.4MB)