Monday, April 21, 2014


EVENT: International Workshop on Payments for Environmental Services in Public Policies

CIRAD, the Mission Économie de la Biodiversité of the CDC, and their scientific partners are organizing an international workshop on: “Combining Payments for Environmental Services to legal and economic instruments in the South and in the North?”.

Under the general issue of “PES in mixes of instruments and policies in developing and industrialized countries – which policy recommendations can be made on the use of PES in public policies in both the industrialized and developing countries?”. The workshop will focus on the following topics:

  • Nature of PES: What is the nature of PES and of the numerous and various PES-like arrangements which are implemented throughout the world? Can they be classified as “market-based instruments” or can they be assimilated to more familiar instruments, such as Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDP) or a kind of easements? What are the relationships between economic valuation of ecosystem services and PES? Is the “PES/economic valuation” couple an instrument for the commodification of nature?
  • Economic models: What “business models” of PES and PES-like are being implemented? What is the relationship between the business model and the type of services delivered? Are PES private or public instruments?
  • REDD+ and PES: REDD+ is sometimes portrayed as an international PES. What supports this assertion and what does not? Are “REDD+ projects” a local version of PES schemes for delivering carbon services, or do REDD projects endorse more traditional conservation approaches such as ICDPs?
  • Cross-sectoral and South-North lessons: PES has mainly been implemented in the South to manage water quality and forest-related services. The implementation of PES in agriculture is less advanced, but the CAP plans to use them on a large scale in the EU. What lessons can be derived from these experiences?
  • Efficiency and poverty: PES and PES-like are interacting with other instruments from territorial development and management policies. These interactions often lead to “hybridization” of the PES instrument, so as to endorse objectives other than strictly environmental ones. Are such hybrids realized at the expense of the initial objective of PES? To ensure efficiency, economists are often reluctant to embark more than one objective in an instrument. Is such a position of principle still workable when governments in developing countries lack the means to address policy objectives other than environmental ones, e.g. poverty alleviation?
  • Land-use restriction or assets-building? : More and more PES-makers claim they combine these two dimensions, but apparently only a few PES succeed in truly combining both dimensions. Thus, a dividing line can still be drawn between the land-use restricting and the assets-buildings PES. What are the differences regarding payment vehicles and contracting schemes between the two PES types? Should PES be used as sustainable investment channels in new generations of “green” rural development programs, or should they be used exclusively for conservation purposes?
  • PES and command-and-control regulations: the PES basic principle is to remunerate producers for halting negatives externalities and/or adopting environment-friendly practices. However, legal provisions often exist for such purposes. Are incentives always more efficient? Can PES coexist with a constraining regulation?
  • Institutional conditions for implementing PES programs: Concluding contractual agreements and obtaining conditional remunerations seems easier with individual owners than with communities, especially when defining rights and duties (and possibly rendering sanctions). Several issues should be clarified: the nature of the services contracted the identity of the services’ providers, and the duration of contracts.

A simultaneous French/English translation will be provided at the workshop. The access to the conferences will be free.

More information (English translation is available via the link on the right-hand side of the page)

Please confirm your participation before June 1st by contacting the organizers at: Additional information will be provided.

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