Thursday, April 17, 2014
PUBLICATIONS: CAPRi Working Papers on PAR for Carbon Projects, Institutions for Climate-Smart Agriculture, and Gendered Impacts of a Dairy Project
We have published several new CAPRi Working Papers over the last few months that you may find interesting. Please see the abstracts below and share with any colleagues who may be interested. Browse the full selection of CAPRi Working papers here.
CAPRi Working Paper 113: Development of a participatory action research approach for four agricultural carbon projects in east Africa. Seth Shames, Quinn Bernier, and Moses Masiga.
This paper describes an action research process undertaken with four African agricultural carbon projects—CARE's Sustainable Agriculture in Changing Climate Initiative in Western Kenya; World Vision's Assisted Natural Regeneration Project in Humbo, Ethiopia; Vi Agroforestry's Western Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project; and ECOTRUST's Trees for Global Benefits in Uganda—to explore their institutional changes as project managers and communities work to build local capacity for project management. It describes the research protocol as well as the process by which it was collaboratively developed by researchers and carbon project managers. The paper also reports the results of the field work in each of the projects, which will be used to identify actions that they will implement in the next step of the action research process. The tools were generally successful in gathering the desired data, although modifications could allow future efforts to target questions to interviewees more effectively, include additional stakeholder groups such as government agents and project service providers, develop capacity for local-level data collection and analysis, and focus additional attention on local-level innovations and landscape-level coordination. The research yielded diverse topics for action across projects, as the projects are structured differently and are at different stages of development. Common themes included the need for partnership development, enhanced training of trainer programs, improvements in the sense of community ownership of projects, and stronger foundations for collective action throughout project and community institutions. [download here]
CAPRi Working Paper 114: The six "ins" of climate-smart agriculture: Inclusive institutions for information, innovation, investment, and insurance. Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Quinn Bernier, and Eric Haglund.
This paper reviews the central role of institutions for climate-smart agriculture (CSA), focusing on the role of institutions in promoting inclusivity, providing information, enabling local level innovation, encouraging investment, and offering insurance to enable smallholders, women, and poor resource-dependent communities to adopt and benefit from CSA. We discuss the role of state, collective action, and market institutions at multiple levels, with particular attention to the importance of local-level institutions and institutional linkages across levels. [download here]
CAPRi Working Paper 115: The gendered impacts of agricultural asset transfer projects: Lessons from the Manica Smallholder Dairy Development Program. Nancy Johnson, Jemimah Njuki, Elizabeth Waithanji, Marinho Nhambeto, Martha Rogers, and Elizabeth Hutchinson Kruger.
This paper looks at the gendered impacts of a development project that provided improved dairy cattle and training as part of a broader effort to develop a smallholder-friendly, market-oriented dairy value chain in Manica province, Mozambique. The project targeted households, registered cows in the name of the household head, and, initially, trained registered cow owners in various aspects of dairy production and marketing. Subsequently training was expanded to two members per household to increase the capacity within households to care for cows, a change which resulted in a significant number of women being trained. Using qualitative and quantitative data on dairy production and consumption and on gendered control over income and assets, the paper explores how men and women participated in and benefited from the project. We find that despite being registered to men, in practice dairy cattle are in some cases viewed as jointly owned by men and women. Beneficiary households dramatically increased dairy production and income, with men, women, and children all contributing labor. Women’s incentives for participation in dairy are less clear. Despite their recognized rights and responsibilities related to dairy cow management, women exercise relatively little control over milk and milk income as compared to men. Various explanations related to monetary and nonmonetary benefits of MSDDP and dairying for women are explored, along with their implications for women’s level of effort and overall project outcomes. [download here]