Monday, June 23, 2014
PUBLICATION: Implications of community-based legal aid regulation on women’s land rights
A new IFPRI Research Brief
Improving women’s ability to securely access land is recognized as an effective means to increase gender equality and advance other key social and economic development goals. Despite progressive laws in many African countries, gender disparities commonly persist in women’s access and ownership of land. Although legal empowerment of women can help to strengthen their claims to land, developing country governments commonly lack the capacity to offer legal services. Civil society is increasingly stepping in to fill the wide gap in legal service provision, with the aim of empowering marginalized groups and individuals to exercise their legal rights. Although legal aid has wide application, this brief focuses on the consequences of regulating services provided at the community level to support women’s land rights.
Sunday, June 22, 2014
This Week’s Posts
YOUR INPUT NEEDED: Please Help Us Evaluate our Communications Efforts. If you have not already done so, please take 5 minutes to complete a survey to help CAPRi reevaluate our approach to outreach and communication.
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: The Ramsar Wetland Conservation Awards. The Award was established in 1996 in order to recognize the contributions of individuals, organizations, and governments around the world towards promoting the conservation and wise use of wetlands. Deadline: July 15, 2014
TRAINING: Online Course on How to Design & Fund International Development Projects. The Center for Sustainable Development (CSDi) has announced a new 100% online course on designing and funding international development projects. Deadline: open
PUBLICATIONS: IGES Publications on Community-Based Forest Monitoring, REDD+ Project Design, and Verifying Legal Compliance. The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies has recently published the 4 new reports.
PUBLICATION: Tenure security and demand for land tenure regularization in Nigeria. IFPRI’s Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) has published a working paper presenting Empirical Evidence from Ondo and Kano States.
PUBLICATION: Intellectual Property Rights, Technology Diffusion, and Agricultural Development. Cross-Country evidence presented in a new IFPRI Discussion Paper by David Spielman and Xingliang Ma.
BRIEF: Local sources of resilience: Working with social capital. As part of the IFPRI 2020 Resilience Conference, CAPRi authors Quinn Bernier and Ruth Meinzen-Dick contributed a brief on “Local sources of resilience: Working with social capital”.
TRAINING: Online Course on How to Design & Fund International Development Projects
The Center for Sustainable Development (CSDi) has announced a new 100% online course on designing and funding international development projects. The course is free for citizens and full time residents of developing countries and half-price for citizens or residents of developed countries.
We actually combined two courses from the Center's course catalog in creating our new course:
- 101: Designing and Funding International Development Projects and,
- 102: Project Architecture additional
We've also included specialized course materials for:
- OL 341 Community Based Adaptation 1
These are our flagship courses that we've been offering for close to five years now. Our development courses have been taken by people from 149 different countries and 500 organizations who have developed projects impacting over 360,000 people.
These courses if taken at the Center for Sustainable Development are fully facilitated—there is a live course facilitator who communicates with students on a weekly basis providing consultancy on their projects.
PUBLICATIONS: IGES Publications on Community-Based Forest Monitoring, REDD+ Project Design, and Verifying Legal Compliance
The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) has recently published the reports listed below.
- Community-based forest biomass monitoring: A manual for training local level facilitators. Community Based Forest Biomass Monitoring (CBFBM) is the monitoring of forest biomass by communities. It is a form of monitoring that ultimately aims to be “driven” and “owned” by the local communities and “guided” and “facilitated” by outside experts. The information that is generated from the monitoring aids the communities in making wise decisions about their forest management. This manual guides the training-of-trainers to build the capacity of the local level facilitators on selecting, testing and adapting the technical parameters and measurement methods for the forest monitoring, and on how to design an effective field training and practice effective facilitation skills that are essential for any participatory methodology with local communities. [Download]
- Community-based forest biomass monitoring: Action research in PNG, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR and Vietnam. IGES, together with some of our key partners and local communities, launched an action research project in five countries – Papua New Guinea, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR and Vietnam – in 2010 to develop and test approaches to engage local communities in forest biomass monitoring. This report reflects some of the knowledge acquired during the action research and describes how the action research evolved in each country. [Download]
- REDD+ Projects: Snapshots of REDD+ project designs – 2013. REDD+ projects are invariably complex. There is a need to extract and present the knowledge and lessons that are being generated by them in a systematic and accessible manner. The IGES publication REDD+ Projects: Snapshots of selected REDD+ project designs aims to contribute to meeting this need. This report aims to present a succinct overview of selected REDD+ project designs to provide an understanding of their key design elements and to enable comparison between them. The review covers eight projects using a “snapshot” descriptive template that covers key issues for REDD+ projects aiming to generate carbon offsets without adversely affecting the well-being of local communities and biodiversity. [Download]
- Managing forests as a renewable asset for present and future generations: Verifying Legal compliance in forestry in Papua New Guinea. This report aims to contribute to the management of PNG’s forests as a renewable natural asset for the collective benefit of all Papua New Guineans. It argues that to achieve these ends, illegalities in the forest sector need serious attention. The report aims to (i) provide a review of the illegal logging issue in PNG, (ii) identify the potential legality risks that are associated with unverified PNG timber, (iii) set out options for mitigating these risks, and (iv) provide an update on the development and uptake of legality and sustainability standards in PNG. The report is an output under the Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade partnership. [Download]
PUBLICATION: Tenure security and demand for land tenure regularization in Nigeria
IFPRI’s Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) has published a working paper presenting Empirical Evidence from Ondo and Kano States.
In line with the conventional view that customary land rights impede agricultural development, the traditional tenure system in Nigeria has been perceived to obstruct the achievement of efficient development and agricultural transformation. This led to the Land Use Act (LUA) of 1978. As a remedial measure to the perceived inadequacy of the traditional tenure system, the act nationalized the control of all land, empowering state governors and local governments with administration and management of land. The act conferred on state governors the custodian right to provide use rights (i.e., the ‘right of occupancy’) for land users in their state, dissolving any possessory (freehold) rights to land which were granted by the customary system.
Thursday, June 19, 2014
YOUR INPUT NEEDED: Please Help Us Evaluate our Communications Efforts
CAPRi is currently undergoing a process of reevaluating our approach to outreach and communication, including our website, email list, blog, and training products. By completing this short survey you can help us understand where to focus our attention and efforts in the future.
The survey is very short (only 9 questions) and will only take you about 5 minutes to complete. We appreciate your time and suggestions. You can access the survey using the link below.
Thank you for your input.
Tuesday, June 17, 2014
BRIEF: Local sources of resilience: Working with social capital
As part of the IFPRI 2020 Resilience Conference, IFPRI authors Quinn Bernier and Ruth Meinzen-Dick contributed a brief on “Local sources of resilience: Working with social capital”.
People have always faced shocks and have devised a variety of institutional responses to cope with, recover from, and prevent future impacts. Central to these shocks and this coping capacity, but often underexplored, is the role of social capital. Social capital includes “features of social organization, such as networks, norms, and social trust, that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit” and can serve as an asset for communities, enabling them to engage in and benefit from collective action and cooperation. While social capital takes many forms, of particular interest here are local-level organizations and less formal social networks.
Having long played a role in individual, household, and community risk-smoothing and risk-sharing practices, social capital has also been identified as a vital component of adaptive capacity as well as a key factor contributing to post-disaster recovery. Practitioners often assume that the poor, who lack other assets, can develop, acquire, and utilize social capital instead; however, as many studies have illustrated, the poor face significant challenges in building and using this resource. Moreover, social capital by itself may not be sufficient to encourage proactive adaptive behaviors and changes; external interventions may be needed to strengthen indigenous associations and support for resilience. However, clearly understanding local-level social capital is necessary for such interventions to effectively engage with, and not erode, effective local responses. This brief explores how local forms of social capital can contribute to resilience and how policy interventions can build up, support, and deepen these connections.
PUBLICATION: Intellectual Property Rights, Technology Diffusion, and Agricultural Development
Cross-Country evidence presented in a new IFPRI Discussion Paper by David Spielman and Xingliang Ma.
The role of intellectual property rights (IPRs) has been extensively debated in the literature on technology transfers and agricultural production in developing countries. However, few studies offer cross-country evidence on how IPRs affect yield growth, for example, by incentivizing private-sector investment in cultivar improvement. We address this knowledge gap by testing technology diffusion patterns for six major crops using a unique dataset for the period 1961–2010 and an Arellano–Bond linear dynamic panel-data estimation approach. Findings indicate that both biological and legal forms of IPRs tend to promote yield gap convergence between developed and developing countries, although effects vary between crops.
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: The Ramsar Wetland Conservation Awards
The Ramsar Wetland Conservation Award was established in 1996 in order to recognize the contributions of individuals, organizations, and governments around the world towards promoting the conservation and wise use of wetlands. The sixth edition of the award will be presented at the 12th meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in June 2015. Three Awards will be given – each with a prize of US$10,000 – in the following categories:
- The Ramsar Convention Award for Wetland Wise Use
- The Ramsar Convention Award for Wetland Innovation
- The Ramsar Convention Award for Young Wetland Champions
Deadline: July 15, 2014
Thursday, June 12, 2014
This Week’s Posts
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: XVth Biannual Conference International Association for the Study of the Commons. The International Association for the Study of the Commons is meeting in Edmonton, Canada - May 25-29, 2015. The organizers welcome academics, community groups, government resource people, NGOs and commons practitioners to submit abstracts to participate. Deadline: July 1, 2014 (pane and group presentations) and July 31, 2014 (individual presentations).
EMPLOYMENT: ILRI Program Leader – Livelihood, Gender and Impact. The International Livestock Research Institute seeks a Program Leader to lead the Livelihood, Gender and Impact Program within the Integrated Sciences Division. Deadline: June 15, 2014
EMPLOYMENT: International Potato Center Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist. The International Potato Center is seeking a Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist for a three-year project in West Africa entitled Jumpstarting Orange-fleshed Sweetpotato in West Africa through Diversified Markets. Deadline: June 16, 2014
EMPLOYMENT: IWMI Theme Leader--Sustainable Agricultural Water Management. The International Water Management Institute is is recruiting for a Theme Leader to direct the research theme on Sustainable Agricultural Water Management. Deadline: June 30, 2014
FELLOWSHIP: Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships at Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei. Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) supports Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship applications in its research areas in the field of economics, energy and sustainable development. Deadline: June 20, 2014
PUBLICATIONS: Lessons Learned from Community Forestry & Their Relevance for REDD+. The Forest Carbon, Markets and Communities (FCMC) Program is has made available a collection of four reports on Lessons Learned from Community Forestry and Their Relevance for REDD+, along with a set of accompanying briefs.
PUBLICATION: The Gendered Nature of Land and Property Rights in Post-Reform Rwanda. The USAID LAND Project has released a report on gender and property rights in Rwanda.
PUBLICATIONS: Lessons Learned from Community Forestry & Their Relevance for REDD+
The Forest Carbon, Markets and Communities (FCMC) Program is has made available a collection of four reports on Lessons Learned from Community Forestry and Their Relevance for REDD+, along with a set of briefs that accompany the full reports. The reports include:
- Africa regional report
- Asia regional report
- Latin America regional report
- Synthesis report of all three regional reports.
The regional reports review lessons learned from decades of community forestry experiences in specific geographical locations, generating findings and recommendations for REDD+. The synthesis report summarizes the conclusions of the three regional reports and provides broad thematic analysis of the linkage between community forestry and REDD+.
EMPLOYMENT: IWMI Theme Leader--Sustainable Agricultural Water Management
The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) is is recruiting for a Theme Leader (TL) to direct the research theme on Sustainable Agricultural Water Management, and is looking to hire a highly motivated and skilled individual to fill the position. The TL will direct the respective IWMI research theme, and provide inspiring ‘research for development’ leadership of the theme that is seen as relevant to meeting today’s development challenges.
The TL will be responsible for leading the research carried out under the specific research theme; managing, coordinating and resourcing IWMI’s research for the theme; working with Uptake Specialists, Communications, Office Heads and Regional Directors to ensure that IWMI’s outputs have high impact; and working with IWMI’s business development staff to secure resources for the theme and support strategic business development. The TL will report to the Deputy Director General - Research and will be based either at IWMI’s headquarters in Colombo, Sri Lanka, or in one of IWMI’s main regional offices in Asia or Africa that is relevant to the subject area of the theme.
IWMI’s research theme on Sustainable Agricultural Water Management aims to intensify agricultural productivity sustainably, and improve access to water and land resources with a focus on smallholders. The theme will produce scalable and sustainable solutions to increase the productivity of water and land resources in resilient agricultural systems, with or without supplementary irrigation. Building on IWMI’s strong track record in this area, the theme will develop policy, legal and institutional frameworks and investment options that provide poor and vulnerable populations, especially in Africa, with access to water and land resources that provide livelihood opportunities in rural areas; and implement technical and policy interventions along the continuum from rainfed to irrigated agriculture with due consideration of the value of ecosystem services. Sustainable development and management of groundwater, and the policy, regulatory and institutional frameworks and incentives needed to both utilize and conserve this increasingly important resource is a major element of this theme.
Deadline: June 30, 2014
EMPLOYMENT: ILRI Program Leader – Livelihood, Gender and Impact
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to recruit a Program Leader to lead the Livelihood, Gender and Impact Program within the Integrated Sciences Division. The program leader will have an economic or social sciences background. S/he will lead a diverse team of scientists conducting research on livestock value chains development, with a focus on smallholders’ competitiveness, gender research (both strategic and mainstreaming gender in other ILRI programs), and support to monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment to ILRI and its partners.
ILRI works with partners worldwide to enhance the roles livestock play in pathways out of poverty, principally in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. The products of these research partnerships help poor people keep their farm animals alive and productive, increase and sustain their livestock and farm productivity, find profitable markets for their animal products, and reduce their risk of livestock-related diseases. ILRI has its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya, a principal campus in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and offices in other countries of East Africa (Tanzania, Uganda), West Africa (Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria), southern Africa (Mozambique), South Asia (India, Sri Lanka), Southeast Asia (Vietnam and Philippines) and East Asia (China).
- Leading ILRI’s research on livelihood, gender and impact across the thematic areas of value chains and the environment to improve the impacts of ILRI’s work on livelihoods. Specifically:
- Working with the Team leaders, coordinate the identification of LGI research outputs required to progress towards achievements of ILRI and relevant CRP objectives; monitor their progress and quality;
- Working with the Team leaders, responsible for the delivery of these key research outputs;
- Coordinate budget preparation and its execution;
- Lead or contribute to mobilise resources, including bilateral funding;
- Supervise scientists and staff working in the program and coordinate the program research efforts with other ILRI programs;
- Initiate and manage partnerships with other research institutions (at various levels), donors, development agents including Ministries needed to achieve the Program objectives.
Deadline: June 15, 2014
Wednesday, June 11, 2014
FELLOWSHIP: Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships at Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei
Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) supports Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship applications in its research areas in the field of economics, energy and sustainable development.
MSCA European Fellowships could be held in Italy, one of the EU Member States, and are open to researchers currently within and outside Europe.
FEEM, as Italian host institution, provides support to individual experienced researchers who meet the requirements of the HORIZON 2020 Programme. Research proposals entail a period of 12-24 months at FEEM (either Milan or Venice offices) with reference to the Call Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships (IF) - European Fellowship.
FEEM offers an international and multi-disciplinary workplace. Thanks to a world-wide research network you will be involved in a continuous fruitful exchange of experiences. Female researchers and candidates from International Cooperation Partner Countries (ICPC) are particularly encouraged to apply.
- Candidates must be in possession of a doctoral degree or have at least 4 years of research experience (full-time equivalent) since obtaining a university degree giving access to doctoral studies.
- Eligible researchers can be of any nationality and must not have resided or carried out their main activity in Italy more than 12 months in the three years immediately prior the call deadline (i.e. September 2011).
Deadline: June 20, 2014
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: XVth Biannual Conference International Association for the Study of the Commons
The International Association for the Study of the Commons is meeting in Edmonton, Canada - May 25-29, 2015. This Conference (IASC 2015) aims to attract scholars, practitioners and policy makers from a variety of cultures, disciplines, geographies and socio-political contexts to share their ideas and experiences about the commons - past, present and future. The organizers welcome academics, community groups, government resource people, NGOs and commons practitioners from Alberta, Canada and around the world to submit abstracts to participate.
Those interested in participating can submit abstracts for panel or group presentation or for individual presentations along the following themes:
- Defining the Commons: Building Knowledge through Collaboration. The meaning and significance of the ‘commons’ varies depending on the disciplinary, socio-economic and geographic position of those engaged in, or living with, common pool resources as well as the particularities of the resource itself.
- The Commons in a Global Political Economy. The global political economy presents many new challenges for the ‘commons’. Understanding the fit between local-global perspectives is particularly important in an increasingly global world. How do political and economic institutions at larger scales facilitate or limit sustainable use and management at local scales?
- Food Security, Livelihoods and Well-being. This theme addresses the challenges associated with the human dimensions (quality of life) of the ‘commons’. What are the opportunities and challenges for improving food security and building sustainable livelihoods? This theme also links questions of environment, agriculture and resource management to solving problems of socio-economic marginalization.
- The Commons in Action. The research and practice of NGOs, communities and non-academic institutions are important to understanding how to address practical ‘commons’ issues.
- Social-Ecological Resilience. How resilient is the ‘commons’ to the stresses of the global political economy? Fostering resilience necessitates understanding people and resources as an integrated social-ecological system. The conference invites theoretical discussion on resilience to the stresses and uncertainties of ecological variability change. In addition to understanding the impacts and implications of the loss or degradation of valued resources, there is an equally urgent need to understand socio-economic, cultural and health responses and implications.
- Dealing with Risk, Conflict and Uncertainty. The conference is also interested in abstracts that deal with questions of power and governance of the ‘commons’.
- The Commons and Climate Change. Climate change has led to new kinds of stresses on common pool resources in many parts of the world. The effects of global warming are particularly well understood in polar regions and areas of the global south. Although Indigenous communities in these regions have experienced significant natural variability in their environments over generations, the threat of climate change is creating new kinds of challenges.
- Indigenous Peoples and Resource Development. Indigenous peoples have a unique position vis-à-vis resource development. Historically, many Indigenous communities managed lands and resources as a ‘commons’ however, resource development activities are changing such social and ecological relations.
Deadline for Panel and Group Presentation Abstracts: July 1, 2014
Deadline for Individual Presentation Abstracts: July 31, 2014
PUBLICATION: The Gendered Nature of Land and Property Rights in Post-Reform Rwanda
The USAID LAND Project has released a report on gender and property rights in Rwanda.
Rwanda has provided a picture of promising change for improving gender equalities in land rights. This report draws upon extensive qualitative field research in 20 sectors of Rwanda to examine the current state of gendered rights to land in practice. Among Rwandan communities, there is now widespread knowledge of laws granting gender-equal rights. More and more women are receiving inheritance and inter-vivos gifts and are increasingly receiving these in equal shares, while formally married women are exercising greater decision-making power over land held jointly with their husbands. Nevertheless, women in Rwanda still experience several challenges in accessing land and controlling the land that they do have access to. Women continue to lack the necessary bargaining power to claim inheritance and parental gifts of land and to exercise decision-making over land on par with men. Access to unbiased forums for resolving land disputes continues to be a challenge for many women, often dissuading them from claiming their rights. The report concludes with a series of recommendations on how to address remaining gaps and improve women’s rights to land, recommendations that not only extend to policy and law, but also to programs and other investments designed to foster gender justice in Rwanda.
The report goes on to identify specific challenges to women’s access to and control over farmland, and provides a series of recommendations. The full report is available here (pdf).
EMPLOYMENT: International Potato Center Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist
The International Potato Center (CIP) is seeking a Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) Specialist for a three-year project in West Africa entitled Jumpstarting Orange-fleshed Sweetpotato (OFSP) in West Africa through Diversified Markets.
The Project: The introduction of vitamin A rich OFSP in West Africa has been on a much smaller scale to date than in Eastern and Southern Africa. Drawing on lessons learned from those experiences, the Jumpstarting OFSP in West Africa project seeks to demonstrate that by starting with a value chain approach to introducing OFSP, more commercially oriented seed systems will emerge, as markets for the roots will drive demand for quality planting materials. The project is predicated on the hypothesis that it is possible to simultaneously develop value chains for OFSP and maximize nutritional benefits to vulnerable populations. The project will pilot test four separate value chains in Ghana, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria. The M&E specialist will be part of a multi-disciplinary team that includes a breeder, a seed system specialist, and a nutritionist and a number of private sector, government, and non-governmental organization partners.
The Position: This position will be based in Osogbo, Nigeria and will report to the Project Leader in Ghana. The selected candidate should be committed to using research for development in a complex cooperative environment of research and development partners, and will be required to travel extensively within the three target countries (Ghana, Burkina Faso and Nigeria), with occasional travel to other regions of the world.
Duties and responsibilities:
- Lead the socio-economic research components of four value chain pilot efforts with income and nutrition outcomes, focused on measuring adoption and impact on incomes, food security, and diet quality
- Design a monitoring system to track dissemination and uptake in partner countries, as well as conduct periodic qualitative assessments among project beneficiaries and partners.
- Manage data related to project milestones; work with stakeholders to develop impact pathways and collect relevant indicators to monitor progress towards achieving agreed upon milestones and final outcomes.
- Publish research articles and reports in collaboration with CIP staff and project research partners.
Deadline: June 16, 2014