Friday, October 31, 2014

 

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Conference on Land Governance for Equitable and Sustainable Development

We are pleased to announce the first LANDac International Conference on Land Governance for Equitable and Sustainable Development which will take place on 8-10 July 2015 in Utrecht, the Netherlands. The Conference is organized by the Netherlands Academy on Land Governance (LANDac) and its partners and aims to present state-of-the-art knowledge on how land governance may contribute to equitable and sustainable development, as well as setting the agenda for future research and fostering new collaborations for research, policy and practice.

We are inviting abstract submissions for papers, posters and other forms of contribution on the topics outlined in the call. You are kindly invited to submit your abstract of no more than 300 words to landac.geo@uu.nl by 1 February 2015. Abstracts should be written in English. The organizing committee will decide on the selection of abstracts. Following this process, selected authors are invited to submit their full papers, posters or (preparations of) other contributions by 1 June 2015.

 

GRANTS: Tinker Foundation

The Tinker Foundation's program of Institutional Grants supports the theme of sustainable resource management (among others) in Latin America. Particular issues of interest include sustainable agriculture, sustainable forestry and non-timber forest products, sustainable tourism, fisheries management, and payment for environmental services as well as issues of water scarcity and quality for communities. The Foundation encourages project collaboration among organizations in the USA and Latin America and prefers to fund those institutions that are actively engaged with external stakeholders in addressing an issue of concern. Tinker invites brief letters of inquiry to the Foundation before proposals are prepared and submitted. The application deadlines are March 1 and September 15 of each year. Click on the following link for more information: http://www.tinker.org/content/institutional-grants-overview.

 

FELLOWSHIP: Sustainability Science Fellowships at Harvard University

The Sustainability Science Program at Harvard University invites applications for resident fellowships in sustainability science for the academic year beginning in September 2015. This year’s competition is focused on three thematic areas related to energy and sustainability. We are seeking applications focusing on: 1) decarbonizing energy systems in the European Union; 2) designing, developing, and/or implementing sustainable energy technologies and policies in China; and 3) the impacts of fossil fuel subsidies on economic, environmental, and health indicators and the actions that can be taken to reduce them. The fellowship competition is open to advanced doctoral and post-doctoral students, and to mid-career professionals engaged in research or practice to facilitate the design, implementation, and evaluation of effective interventions that promote sustainable development. The thematic areas are led by Professors Henry Lee and Joseph Aldy. The Program is also open, however, to strong proposals in any area of sustainability science.  In addition to general funds available to support this fellowship offering, special funding for the Giorgio Ruffolo Fellowships in Sustainability Science is available to support citizens of Italy, China, or developing countries who are therefore especially encouraged to apply. For more information on the fellowships application process see http://www.hks.harvard.edu/centers/mrcbg/programs/sustsci/fellowships. Applications are due February 2, 2015 and decisions will be announced in March 2014.

 

EDUCATION: STEPS Centre Summer School

The STEPS Centre is now inviting applications to take part in its fourth annual Summer School.

Applications are invited from highly-motivated doctoral and postdoctoral researchers, working in fields around development studies, science and technology studies, innovation and policy studies, and across agricultural, health, water or energy issues.

Participants will explore the theme of pathways to sustainability through a mixture of workshops, lectures, outdoor events and focused interaction with STEPS Centre members. The Summer School takes place at the Institute of Development Studies on the Sussex University campus, near Brighton, UK.

The deadline for applications is 5pm GMT on 28 January 2015. There is a fee to attend, but scholarships are available.

For details of how to apply, financial support, programme information, and materials from the last three years’ events, visit the STEPS website:

www.steps-centre.org/summerschool

 

PUBLICATION: Inclusive Investment in Agriculture: Cooperatives and the Role of Foreign Investment

IISD is pleased to send the second of its series of policy briefs on investment in agriculture.

Policy brief #2, Inclusive Investment in Agriculture: Cooperatives and the Role of Foreign Investment, looks at the role of cooperatives as a vehicle to increase investment to the agriculture sector. These business models can be profitable for farmers and investors, while at the same time being socially and politically acceptable. 

Friday, October 24, 2014

 

This Week’s Posts

CALL FOR PANELS: Commission on Legal Pluralism Mumbai Conference 2015 The conference organizers invite scholars and practitioners to present work at the 2015 Conference.  Deadline: November 30th, 2014.

PUBLICATION: Climate-Smart Agriculture and Resource Tenure in sub-Saharan Africa: A conceptual framework

PUBLICATION: Property rights and sustainable irrigation: A developing country perspective

PUBLICATION: Journal of Peasant Studies Special Edition on food sovereignty and agrarian transformations (free access)

PUBLICATION: Collective Action within the household: insights from natural resource management

FELLOWSHIP: Integrative Conservation doctoral program: The University of Georgia is pleased to announce that we are accepting applications for Fall 2015 for our Integrative Conservation (ICON) doctoral program. Funded assistantships are available to outstanding students.

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

 

CALL FOR PANELS: Commission on Legal Pluralism Mumbai Conference 2015

 

The 2015 international conference will pay particular attention to emerging areas that have gained in momentum due to processes of globalization, the emergence of ‘knowledge economies’, and the evolution of high-tech capitalism. Not surprisingly, debates and evolving policies on information technology, biotechnology, genetic engineering and intellectual property rights are forced to deal with issues of legal pluralism, perceiving the danger that high-technology regimes may further exacerbate socio-economic inequalities and further marginalize the already disadvantaged, especially in developing societies and ‘emerging economies’. The conference will also address established themes that continue to cause significant concern, such as conflicts and contestations over property, land and natural resources; governance; religion, culture, custom and ethnicity; state and non-state laws; gender; kinship; patriarchy; human rights; development aid and cooperation; as well as migration; mobility; and transnationalism, while exploring how emerging and ‘old’ themes in the field of legal pluralism relate to each other in theory and practice.

The conference organizers invite scholars and practitioners to present contemporary work on these and related themes to the 2015 Conference. It is hoped that this event will offer a dynamic and vibrant space for a further expansion of such perspectives in debating issues and problems of legal pluralism.

Call for panel proposals

We request interested parties to submit proposals for panels in the 2015 Mumbai conference. The panels proposed may be partly or fully ‘populated’ (including names of at least 3-4 presenters and titles of papers per panel) or ‘empty’ (without names of paper presenters). A proposal should include (a) a title (max 10 words), (b) name of panel organizer, (c) email address of panel organizer, and (d) a panel description of not more than 200 words. If the panel is populated, the proposal should also have (e) a list of presenters and – preferably – the titles of their papers or contributions.

See more at: http://commission-on-legal-pluralism.com/nl/home#sthash.WZXDLluF.dpuf

Please send your proposals for panel and roundtable discussions to Waheeda Amien (Waheeda.Amien@uct.ac.za) and D. Parthasarathy (dp@hss.iitb.ac.in) by no later than November 30th, 2014.

 

PUBLICATION: Climate-Smart Agriculture and Resource Tenure in sub-Saharan Africa: A conceptual framework

Though many studies document the positive impacts of various climate-smart agricultural (CSA) practices on crop yields, adoption of such practices remains limited in many areas in sub-Saharan Africa. A number of barriers to adoption have been identified, with many researchers noting the importance of property rights systems and tenure insecurity in particular. Nonetheless, few papers document the pathways by which current property rights and tenure security affect the adoption of CSA, or how altering either the bundle of property rights or the degree of tenure security over each piece of the bundle can lead to increased adoption of CSA. In this paper, we first discuss key characteristics of four CSA practices related to sustainable land management. We then lay out a conceptual framework for evaluating the pathways by which expanding property rights and strengthening tenure security affects incentives to adopt technologies broadly, and then apply the framework to each of the four CSA practices.

The paper, by Nancy McCarthy and Josh Brubaker, is available  here: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3982e.pdf

 

Publication: Property rights and sustainable irrigation: A developing country perspective

 

While the role of secure property rights contributing to sustainable natural resource management is increasingly recognized, translating that into practice is more challenging, especially in developing countries. This article presents a framework for understanding the role of property rights for effective irrigation systems and then explores the complexity of property rights to land, water, and infrastructure and their underlying institutions. Understanding property rights in practice requires acknowledging legal pluralism—the coexistence of many types and sources of law, which can be used as the basis for claiming rights over the resources. Property rights do not necessarily imply full ownership, but are composed of different bundles of rights that may be held by different claimants—the state, user groups, families, or individuals. These rights are critical for the authority, incentives, and resources for irrigation operation and maintenance. As resources become more scarce, property rights systems need to adapt to reduce conflict and provide incentives for saving water. However, efforts to improve irrigation by changing property rights systems have often failed because they have not recognized the difficulty of transplanting property rights systems from one place to another. Institutional change needs to be seen as an organic process,building on existing norms and practices, rather than as an exercise in social engineering.

This paper, by Ruth Meinzen-Dick, is available here: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2014.03.017

 

PUBLICATIONS: Journal of Peasant Studies Special Edition on food sovereignty and agrarian transformations (free access)

 

GLOBAL AGRARIAN TRANSFORMATIONS

New directions in agrarian political economy, volume 41, issue no. 5: http://www.tandfonline.com/r/fjps-41-5

Critical erspectives on food sovereignty, volume 41, issue no.6: http://www.tandfonline.com/r/fjps-41-6

 

PUBLICATION: Collective Action within the household: insights from natural resource management

 

Households face many collective action situations, with members working together to produce livelihoods and allocate goods. But neither unitary nor bargaining models of the household provide frameworks to analyze the conditions under which households work collectively and when they fail to do so. Drawing on the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework based in the natural resource management literature, this paper explores the factors that encourage and inhibit collective action and provides insights into how to understand collective action problems within the household as dynamic, multi-actor situations with outcomes that can be evaluated by multiple criteria, not just efficiency. Comparison with the household literature also points to areas to strengthen the resource management literature through greater emphasis on human capital issues, including gender, health, and education.

This CAPRi Working Paper, by Cheryl Doss and Ruth Meinzen-Dick, is available here: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/128370.  We are in the process of setting up a new CAPRi website and will add the link to the working papers there, when possible as well.

 

FELLOWSHIP: Integrative Conservation doctoral program

The University of Georgia is pleased to announce that we are accepting applications for Fall 2015 for our Integrative Conservation (ICON) doctoral program. Funded assistantships are available to outstanding students. The ICON Ph.D. program is open to students applying to one of four "home departments" including the Warnell School of Forestry & Natural Resources (http://www.warnell.uga.edu), the Odum School of Ecology (http://www.ecology.uga.edu), the Department of Anthropology (http://anthropology.uga.edu/), and the Department of Geography (http://geography.uga.edu/).

With the current rate of global change, conservation and management of our natural resources needs to adapt to a complex set of challenges. Responding effectively to these challenges requires both disciplinary expertise and agility to work across disciplines. The University of Georgia's ICON Ph.D. program is designed to meet that need by ensuring that students gain disciplinary depth while also learning to collaborate across fields of practice by engaging faculty from the natural and social sciences to train students in an integrative and holistic way.

At the same time, this program strives to move beyond the paradigm of interdisciplinarity by reaching outside of academia to bring together academics and practitioners. Through internships and collaborative research, students will interact with professionals engaged in management and conservation as partners and colleagues. These experiences, along with training modules led by communications experts, will ensure that students learn to communicate effectively and strategically with those from other backgrounds and disciplines as well as with lay audiences.

For more information, please contact Nik Heynen, ICON Program Director & Graduate Coordinator (iconphd@uga.edu), at the Center for Integrative Conservation Research (CICR) at the University of Georgia or visit the ICON website: http://icon.uga.edu/.